A thrombus or embolus have the right to partly or completely block the flow of blood in a blood vessel.
You are watching: A foreign object, such as a blood clot that is circulating in the blood is called:
Situations in which a blood gerean is more likely to kind in veins include:Being on permanent bed restSitting for long periods, such together in a airplane or carDuring and after pregnancyTaking birth regulate pills or estrogen hormone (especially in women that smoke)Long-term use of one intravenous catheter after ~ surgery
Blood clots are also more likely to kind after one injury. Civilization with cancer, obesity, and liver or kidney disease are additionally prone come blood clots.
Smoking additionally increases the hazard of developing blood clots.
Conditions that space passed under through families (inherited) might make you more likely to type abnormal blood clots. Inherited problems that influence clotting are:Factor V Leiden mutationProthrombin G20210A mutation
Other rarely conditions, such together protein C, protein S, and antithrombin III deficiencies.
A blood clot may block one artery or vein in the heart, affect the:Heart (angina or a heart attack)Neck or brain (stroke)
Clot; Emboli; Thrombi; Thromboembolus; Hypercoagulable state
Anderson JA, Hogg KE, Weitz JI. Hypercoagulable states. In: Hoffman R, Benz EJ, Silberstein LE, et al, eds. Hematology: simple Principles and also Practice. 7th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2018:chap 140.
Schafer AI. Technique to the patient with bleeding and also thrombosis: hypercoagulable states. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman-Cecil Medicine. 26th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 162.
Updated by: Todd Gersten, MD, Hematology/Oncology, Florida Cancer specialists & research Institute, Wellington, FL. Review provided by VeriMed health care Network. Also reviewed through David Zieve, MD, MHA, medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and also the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.
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page last updated: 08 October 2021