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 addend A number included to one or more numbers to form a sum. addition building of 0 The sum of any kind of number and 0 is same to the number. The number 0 is often referred to as the additive identity.You are watching: A number that is multiplied by another number amount In a percent problem, the section of the whole equivalent to the percent. associative legislation of addition For three or more numbers, the amount is the same regardless of how you team the numbers. For example, (6 + 2) + 1 = 6 + (2 + 1). associative legislation of multiplication For 3 or much more numbers, the product is the very same regardless of just how you group the numbers. Because that example, 3 • (5 • 7) = 3 • (5 • 7). In a percent problem, the base represents how much should be considered 100% (the whole); in exponents, the basic is the value that is raised to a power when a number is composed in exponential notation. In the instance of 53, 5 is the base. capacity The lot of liquid (or other pourable substance) that an object can hold when it"s full. Celsius A measure of temperature generally used in nations that usage the metric system. On the Celsius scale, water freezes at 0° C and also boils in ~ 100° C. common denominator A number the is a many of all of the platform in a team of fractions. commutative law of addition Two numbers deserve to be added in any kind of order without an altering the sum. For example, 6 + 4 = 4 + 6. commutative regulation of multiplication Two numbers deserve to be multiply in any type of order without an altering the product. Because that example, 8 • 9 = 9 • 8. Raising a number to a power of 3. 23 is read “2 to the third power” or “2 cubed,” and method use 2 as a aspect three time in the multiplication. 23 = 2 • 2 • 2 = 8. cup A unit of capacity equal to 8 fluid ounces. decimal fractions A portion written together a decimal point and digits to the ideal of the decimal point decimal number Decimal numbers are numbers whose location value is based upon 10s, including whole numbers and also decimal fractions, which have decimal points and also digits to the ideal of the decimal point. The number 18, 4.12 and also 0.008 are all decimal numbers. denominator The bottom number of a fraction that tells how many equal parts are in the whole. difference The amount that outcomes from subtracting one number native another, or from subtracting the subtrahend indigenous the minuend. digit One that the signs 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, or 9. distribute To rewrite the product the the number and a sum or distinction using the distributive property. distributive building of multiplication over addition The product the a number and a amount is the same as the amount of the product the the number and each that the addends comprising the sum. Because that example, 3(4 + 2) = 3(4) + 3(2). distributive property of multiplication over subtraction The product of a number and also a difference is the same as the distinction of the product that the number and each of the numbers being subtracted. For example, 8(10 – 2) = 8(10) – 8(2). dividend divisibility test A dominion that tells quickly whether separating a number by an additional number deserve to be done without leaving a remainder. divisible Can be divided by a number there is no leaving a remainder. Because that example, 20 is divisible through 4 since 20 ÷ 4 = 5 (no remainder). The number that is being divided into the dividend in a division problem. In the trouble 8 ÷ 2 = 4, 2 is the divisor. equation A mathematical sentence that mirrors that 2 expressions room equal. equivalent fractions Two or more fractions that name the same part of the whole. estimate An answer to a difficulty that is close to the precise number, but not have to exact. even number A totality number that is divisible by 2. expanded form A method to compose a number as a sum of the worth of its digits. For example, thirty-two is written in expanded form as 30 + 2, or 3 tens + 2 ones, or (3 • 10) + (2 • 1). The number that indicates how countless times the base is provided as a factor. In the example of 53, 3 is the exponent and method that 5 is provided three times as a factor: 5 • 5 • 5. A notation the represents repeated multiplication using a base and an exponent. Because that example, 24 is notation that method 2 • 2 • 2 • 2. This notation tells you that 2 is provided as a factor 4 times. 24 = 16. (Also dubbed exponential form.) expression A math phrase. For example, 8 • 2 + 3 is an expression. It to represent the quantity 19. factor A number the is multiply by one more number or numbers to obtain a product. Because that example, in the equation 4 • 5 = 20, 4 and also 5 space factors. factor brand method One method of convert a measurement native one unit of measure up to an additional unit of measurement. In this method, you main point the initial measurement by unit fractions containing various units of measurement to acquire the new unit of measurement. factor pair A pair of numbers whose product is a given number. For example, 2 and 15 space a aspect pair that 30 due to the fact that 2 •15 = 30. Both 2 and 15 are components of 30. factor tree A diagram showing how a number have the right to be written as factors, and also those components written together a product the factors, and so ~ above until just prime numbers are used. Fahrenheit A measure of temperature commonly used in the joined States. Top top the Fahrenheit scale, water freezes at 32° F and also boils at 212° F. A unit of volume equal to of a cup. One liquid ounce of water in ~ 62°F weighs around one ounce. foot A unit because that measuring length in the U.S. Customary measurement system. 1 foot = 12 inches fraction An expression supplied to refer to a part of a whole. gallon A unit equal to 4 quarts, or 128 liquid ounces. gram The base unit of mass in the Metric system. grouping symbols Symbols such together parentheses, braces, brackets, and fraction bars that show the numbers to be grouped together. improper fraction A fraction in i beg your pardon the molecule is same to or better than the denominator. inch A unit because that measuring length in the U.S. Customary measure up system. 1 foot = 12 inches inequality A math sentence that compares two numbers that are not equal. inverse operation A mathematical procedure that have the right to reverse or “undo” another operation. Enhancement and subtraction space inverse operations. Multiplication and department are inverse operations. least usual denominator (LCD) The least, or smallest, number that is a lot of of all the denominators in a group of fractions. least usual multiple (LCM) The least, or smallest, number the is a lot of of 2 or an ext numbers. length The street from one finish to the various other or the distance from one allude to another. like denominators Denominators that are the same. liter The basic unit of volume in the Metric system. lowest terms A fraction is in lowest state if the numerator and also denominator have no typical factors various other than 1. measurement The use of traditional units to find out the size or amount of items such as length, width, height, mass, weight, volume, temperature or time. meter The basic unit of length in the Metric system. metric system A extensively used device of measurement that is based upon the decimal system and multiples that 10. mile A unit for measuring size in the U.S. Customary measure up system. 1 mile = 5,280 feet or 1,760 yards. minuend The number native which an additional number is subtracted. mixed number An expression in which a totality number is an unified with a appropriate fraction. For instance 5 is a mixed number. multiple Any number that has actually a offered number together a factor. Because that example, 4, 8, 16, and 200 space multiples the 4, because 4 is a element of every of these numbers. multiplication home of 1 The product of any number and also 1 is equal to that number. The number 1 is often referred to as the multiplicative identity. natural number The number 1, 2, 3, 4 and so on. Likewise called counting numbers. numerator The top number of a portion that speak how numerous parts that a totality are being represented. operation A mathematics process; the four simple operations are addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. order that operations The rule that recognize the sequence of calculations in an expression with an ext than one form of computation. ounce A unit for measuring weight in the U.S. Customary measurement system. 16 ounces = 1 pound. percent A proportion that compares a number come 100. “Per cent” method “per 100,” or “how many out the 100.” perfect square A whole number that deserve to be expressed together a whole number elevated to a power of 2. For example, 25 is a perfect square due to the fact that 25 = 5 • 5 = 52. perimeter The distance about a two-dimensional shape. period Each team of 3 digits in a number be separated by a comma. pint A unit of volume equal come 16 fluid ounces, or 2 cups. place value The worth of a digit based on its position within a number. place-value chart A graph that mirrors the worth of each digit in a number. polygon A closed airplane figure bounded by 3 or an ext line segments. pound A unit because that measuring weight in the U.S. Customary measurement system. 16 ounces = 1 pound. power the 10 Any totality number that deserve to be represented by 10x. The very first four powers of 10 space 1, 10, 100, and also 1000. prefix A short collection of letter that represent the size of measurement systems in the Metric System. Metric prefixes encompass centi-, milli-, kilo-, and also hecto-. prime factorization A number composed as the product that its prime factors. prime number A herbal number with exactly two factors: 1 and also the number itself. product proper fraction A portion in which the numerator is much less than the denominator. proportion An equation that states that two ratios are equal. quart A unit of capacity equal to 32 fluid ounces, or 4 cups. quotient The symbol used for square root and other roots. That looks favor and the number is written under it. For example, the square source of ripe is written with the radical sign: When a base has actually an exponent, it can be said that the base is “raised to the power” that the exponent. Because that example, 35 is read as “3 increased to the fifth power.” rate A proportion that compares quantities measured in different units. For example, a rate compares the street traveled to a length of time. ratio A compare of 2 numbers through division. Because that example, the ratio of 15 boys in a class to 14 girls in the same course is 15:14. reciprocal A number that once multiplied through a given number provides a product that 1. Because that example, and are reciprocals of each other. rounding Finding a number that’s close come a given number, yet is less complicated to think about. simplest form A fraction is in simplest form if the numerator and also denominator have actually no usual factors various other than 1. square root A worth that can be multiply by itself to provide the initial number. For example if the original number is 9, then 3 is the square root due to the fact that 3 multiply by itself (32, express "3 squared") amounts to 9. The symbol supplied for a square source is called a radical sign and also goes on peak of the number. The square source of 9 is composed as . Multiplying a number by itself, or raising the number to a strength of 2. 82 can be read as “8 to the 2nd power,” “8 to a strength of 2,” or “8 squared.” standard form A means to write a number using digits. For example, thirty-two is composed in standard type as 32. subtrahend The number that is subtracted from another number. sum The result when 2 or more numbers space added; the amount that outcomes from addition. ton A unit for measuring the weight of more heavier items in the U.S. Customary measure system. 1 ton = 2,000 pounds. trailing zero A placeholder 0 the occurs after ~ the final non-0 digit in a decimal number. In the number 22.0900, the 0s in the thousandths and also ten-thousandths areas are trailing zeros. U.S. Customary measure system The most common system that measurement used in the unified States. The is based upon English measurement solution of the 18th century. unit equivalents Statements the equivalence between measurement devices within a system or in comparison to another system the units. For instance 1 foot = 12 customs or 1 customs = 2.54 centimeters room both instances of unit equivalents. unit fractions A fraction where the numerator and also denominator space equal amounts, as in or . Unit fractions offer to assist with conversions in the variable Label method. unit of measurement A typical amount or quantity. Because that example, an inch is a unit of measurement. unit price A price in i m sorry the quantity is expressed together one unit. If 12 liquid bars price \$24, the unit price is \$2 every 1 candy bar. unit rate A price in i beg your pardon the second quantity is one unit. If a bird flaps its wings 240 times in 3 minutes, the unit price of soup flapping is 80 flaps per 1 minute. unlike denominators Denominators that are different from every other. For instance the fountain and have different denominators, one denominator being 4 and also the other denominator gift 8. weight A mathematical description of how heavy an object is.See more: What Is The Main Responsibility Of A Party Organization S, Party whole number Any of the numbers 0, 1, 2, 3, and also so on. yard A unit because that measuring size in the U.S. Customary measure up system. 1 yard = 3 feet or 36 inches.