Which the the complying with traits to be most vital in allowing the first plants to relocate onto land?

A. The development of sporopollenin to avoid the desiccation of zygotes

B. Peroxisome enzymes that minimize losses native photorespiration

C. Apical meristems

D. Alternation the generations

E. Rings of cellulose-synthesizing complexes

Which term below is the suggest kingdom that would incorporate embryophytes and also charophytes?

A. Streptophyta

B. Pteridophyta

C. Bryophyta

D. Viridiplantae

E. Plantae


Which of this represents the sporophyte generation that the moss life cycle?

A. B

B. D

C. C

D. E

E. A

The sperm created by mosses call for _____ to with an archegonium.

You are watching: _____ are an example of seedless vascular plants.

A. The advancement of a flower

B. Wind

C. Moisture

D. Animals

E. Eight

In mosses gametes are created by _____; in ferns gametes are developed by _____.

A. Mitosis ... Mitosis

B. Meiosis ... Mitosis

C. Binary fission ... Mitosis

D. Mitosis ... Meiosis

E. Meiosis ... Meiosis

The adaptation that made possible the emigration of dry land environments by seed tree is most most likely the result of the development of _____.

A. Pollen

B. Cones

C. Ovules

D. Sporophylls

E. Heterospory

All seed plants _____.

A. Space heterosporous

B. Exhibition a dominant gametophyte generation

C. Space nonvascular

D. Produce flowers

E. Produce antheridia and also archegonia ~ above the very same gametophyte


1. Cycads Only

2. Ginkgos Only

3. Gnetophytes Only

4. Conifers Only

5. All Gymnosperms


- Redwoods

- Pines

- All species produce cones

- Leaves have actually fanlike appearance

- has three genera the vary considerably in appearance

- just one living types today

- have actually palmlike leaves

- experience alternation of generations

- Seeds perform not kind in an attached structure

Cycads Only:

- have actually palmlike leaves

Ginkgos Only:

- Leaves have fanlike appearance

- Only have actually one living species today

Gnetophytes Only:

- consists of three genera the vary considerably in appearance

Conifers Only:

- Redwood

- Pines

- All types produce cones

All Gymnosperms:

- undergo alternation that generations

- Seeds do not form in an enclosed structure



a. Meiosis

b. Mitosis

c. Haploid

d. Gametophyte

e. Pollination

f. Diploid

g. Gametophyte

h. Diploid

i. Diploid

j. Sporophyte

Etc. Meiosis


Ovules are discovered within structure _____.

A. A

B. B

C. C

D. D

E. E

Which of this is distinctive to flower plants?

A. One embryo surrounded by nutritive tissue

B. Pollen production

C. A leading sporophyte generation

D. Dual fertilization

E. Haploid gametophytes

The masculine gametophytes the flowering tree are additionally referred to as _____.

A. Megaspores

B. Endosperm

C. Embryo sacs

D. Masculine sporophytes

E. Pollen grains

In flowering tree the integuments the the ovule develop into a(n) _____.

A. Endosperm

B. Sporophyte

C. Fruit

D. Particle coat

E. Cotyledon

A carpel is written of _____.

A. Stigma, style, and ovary

B. Zygote, anther, and also endosperm

C. Ovary, ovule, and anther

D. Ovule, megasporocyte, and also anther

E. Petal, sepal, and also stamen

A stamen consists of _____.

A. Stigma and also style

B. Ovary and sepal

C. Anther and filament

D. Stigma and filament

E. Stigma and anther

In angiosperms, pollination is the transport of pollen serial to the _____ of a flower ~ above the very same plant or one more plant that the very same species.

A. Style

B. Ovary

C. Anther

D. Ovulate cone

E. Stigma

Angiosperms room most closely related come _____.

A. Gymnosperms

B. Eco-friendly algae

C. Charophyceans

D. Seedless vascular plants

E. Bryophytes

Which of these to be the leading plant team at the time that dinosaurs to be the leading animals?

A. Bryophytes

B. Gymnosperms

C. Angiosperms

D. Seedless vascular plants

E. Charophyceans


This is picture of a(n) _____.

A. Bryophyte

B. Seedless vascular plant

C. Angiosperm

D. Charophycean

E. Gymnosperm

Plants evolved from environment-friendly algae approximately _____ million years ago.

A. 2,200

B. 130

C. 3,500

D. 400

E. 475

_____ are an example of seedless vascular plants.

A. Lilacs

B. Charophyceans

C. Pine tree trees

D. Ferns

E. Mosses

The life plants that space most comparable to the first plants come bear gametangia room the _____.

A. Seedless vascular plants

B. Angiosperms

C. Charophyceans

D. Bryophytes

E. Gymnosperms

When you look in ~ a jaw or maple tree, the tree you see is a _____.

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A. Triploid endosperm

B. Diploid gametophyte

C. Haploid sporophyte

D. Diploid sporophyte

E. Haploid gametophyte

In mosses gametes are created by _____; in ferns gametes are developed by _____.