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Sgt. Jason Grellner the the Franklin County medicine Enforcement Unit explains "shake and also bake."


That methamphetamine remains so widespread in Missouri and also other says is early out in part to the thin ingenuity and also persistence that meth cooks, in spite of government constraints on several of the drug"s vital ingredients, most notably pseudoephedrine cold medication (sold together a generic or under the brand name Sudafed). Need is undoubtedly the mommy of invention.

You are watching: Calcium ammonium nitrate shake and bake

Here"s a fast primer top top the 2 most typical meth recipes* and also their assorted explosion hazards, as explained by Jason Grellner, command of the Franklin County narcotics Enforcement Unit. To see video of Grellner explaining the procedures in an ext detail, click here.

It must go there is no saying, however please don"t shot this at home.

Anhydrous Ammonia additionally known as the "Nazi method," after the German soldiers who were offered meth to stay alert during human being War II, the many popular an approach gets its more scientific-sounding label from the usual nitrogen farm fertilizer that is a crucial ingredient.

Chemically speaking, pseudoephedrine is just one oxygen atom different from meth, and also a skilled cook can transform as much as 98 percent the the substance into pure methamphetamine.

To extract the pseudoephedrine, cold tablets space crushed then placed in a glass jug filled with Coleman camp fuel — the vapors of i beg your pardon are frequently the resource of meth-lab explosions. The mixture is combined with anhydrous ammonia (inhalation of which wreaks destruction on lung tissue), lithium (gleaned from camera batteries) and also ether (in the kind of engine beginning fluid, a quart of which, Grellner says, "has the explosive power of 4 sticks that dynamite"). Then hydrogen chloride gas — made by combine sulfuric acid through table salt — is bubbled through the ether mixture, precipitating the end methamphetamine.

The process takes around two hours and produces up to a pound of toxic byproducts per 6 ounces that meth.

Shake and Bake A new and increasingly widespread method also well-known as "one pot," this condenses the anhydrous method"s numerous steps and requires only a plastic soda bottle, the size of which relies on the quantity of meth the cook intends come make. Besides pseudoephedrine, the ingredients are lithium, a tiny quantity that water, Coleman fuel (or ether) and also ammonium nitrate (found in chemical ice packs and also a typical component that improvised explosive tools such as the one supplied in the Oklahoma City bombing).

The ammonium nitrate combines through sodium hydroxide (a solid base), and the ensuing chemical reaction to produce anhydrous ammonia. Lithium works as a catalyst through the anhydrous ammonia to eliminate the pseudoephedrine"s extra oxygen molecule. Similar to the anhydrous method, hydrogen chloride gas should bubble with the mixture to develop methamphetamine, which is finally acquired by pouring the liquid with a coffee filter.

The chemistry reactions reason pressure to build in the container, the cook must "burp" the bottle, allowing much more oxygen in — and also increasing the likelihood of an explosion, specifically given that lithium sparks when it comes in call with water.

The technique requires only a couple of packets of cold tablets, takes about 40 minutes from start to finish and also leaves a noxious brown residue inside the bottle, i m sorry is regularly discarded along the roadside, together cooks tend to work in cars together they journey from one pharmacy to another, "smurfing" for Sudafed.


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