John Parker

Stand her ground. Don"t fire uneven fired upon, but if they average to have a war, permit it start here.

You are watching: Do not fire unless fired upon

Captain john Parker come the company assembled top top Lexington Green.

*

John Parker was born in Lexington, Massachusetts, ~ above July 13, 1729. Parker play a prominent duty in the first battle that the battle for Independence, as leader that the volunteer American militia well-known as the Minutemen.

On the night of April 18, 1775, Parker received warning that the method of the king"s soldiers under major John Pitcairn. Parker assembled about seventy volunteers to face the British. In the occurring skirmish top top Lexington eco-friendly on April 19, eight Americans were killed and also ten were wounded.

The Minutemen adhered to the British pressures to Concord, sniping in ~ them together they retreated. Follow to legend, the colonists adopted "Yankee Doodle" as their template song.

*

Captain john Parker"s words , spoken as the brother Redcoats approached the town, space engraved top top the heat of the Minute males Memorial.

John Parker had served as a soldier in the French and also Indian War, participating in the fighting at Louisbourg and Quebec. In peacetime, the made his living as a farmer and a mechanic and held various small-town offices.

Little is well-known of Captain Parker"s tasks in the months complying with the opened battles of the Revolution. The did not get involved in the fight of Bunker Hill, possibly because of the disease that caused his death on September 17, 1775.

come learn much more about the Revolutionary war era, see two special gift of the collection papers from the continent Congress and Constitutional Convention, 1774-1789:

Francis Albert "Frank" Sinatra - Ol" Blue Eyes

*
Frank Sinatra, applications for the significant Bowes" Amateur Hour, Annotated form, 1935. American prizes of the Library that Congress

Frank Sinatra make his record debut through the bother James tape on July 13, 1939, to sing "Melancholy Mood" and "From The Bottom of my Heart." Bandleader harry James had heard Sinatra sing on a radio transfer from the Rustic Cabin roadside café and also invited that to document with the band. Sinatra"s an initial radio broadcast was v "The Hoboken Four," also known as "Frank Sinatra and also the 3 Flashes," ~ above the significant Bowes" Amateur Hour talent vain on September 8, 1935. The group won.

Tommy Dorsey witnessed Sinatra carry out with James" band and also hired the young male away to execute with the Tommy Dorsey Orchestra. In 1942, Sinatra left Dorsey, make his solo debut in brand-new York City on December 31, 1942.

*
Frank Sinatra, Liederkrantz Hall, new York, new York, William ns Gottlieb, photographer, circa 1947. William P. Gottlieb: Photographs native the golden age of Jazz

From the outset of his solo career, Sinatra to be a teenage heartthrob. He had an inherent musicianship that enabled him to continue to be faithful to a song"s lyrics and also feel, if deftly infusing it v his touch of jazz phrasing. "The Chairman that the Board" was almost as admired because that his professionalism together he to be for his undeniable talent.

The more than half-century span of Sinatra"s to sing career afforded a broad range of audiences the opportunity to construct a good appreciation for his music. He appealed to audiences young and old and also performed for presidents from both end of the politics spectrum consisting of John F. Kennedy and Richard Nixon.

Throughout Sinatra"s career, composers created songs especially for him. Jule Styne collaborated with lyricist Sammy Cahn to write ballads because that Sinatra. Styne wrote songs because that the Sinatra vehicle Anchors Aweigh (1945). Sinatra recordings of three songs written by Cahn and Jimmy van Heusen won Oscars: "All the Way" (1957), "High Hopes" (1959), and also "Call Me Irresponsible" (1963). Valve Heusen composed over seventy songs for Sinatra.

Sinatra began to occupational in film in the 1940s, very first in musicals and also then together a dramatic actor. He winner an Academy Award for his performance in From below to eternity (1953) and was nominated because that an Oscar because that his gripping portrayal of a heroin addict in The man With the golden Arm (1955). He showed up in more than thirty other films including Guys and also Dolls (1955), High culture (1956), Pal Joey (1957), The Manchurian Candidate (1962), and Von Ryan"s refer (1965). In 1983 he was a receiver of the Kennedy facility Honors. Sinatra ongoing to carry out until February 1995. He passed away on might 14, 1998, in Los Angeles, California.

*

Click top top the picture of the city the Hollywood because that a closer view of the city at the moment of open minded Sinatra"s birth.

See more: When Faced With An Ethical Conflict, A Manager Should Always

Come learn an ext about the advancement of the movie industry, the reason of Hollywood"s boom, find the now in history Archive on the term film; likewise search American ptcouncil.net"s virtual motion photo collections to see films.