Briefing. Under much 91.107(a)(1), the pilot in command is responsible for ensuring “that each human on board the aircraft is briefed on how to fasten and unfasten that person’s security belt and, if installed, shoulder harness” prior to takeoff. The regulation walk not require that the pilot in command personally command the briefing, only that the pilot in command make certain that a briefing is given. This is a regulation that is too easily forgotten or ignored and also could be an essential to the inexperienced passenger. This might seem unnecessary but remember that aviation seatbelts deserve to be quite various than cars therefore in one emergency, a panicky passenger could struggle to gain out the his or she seat belt.
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Notification. In addition to the briefing, far 91.107(a)(2) requires that the pilot in command certain “that each person on board has been notified to close his or her safety and security belt and, if installed, his or she shoulder harness” before aircraft motion on the surface, before takeoff, and also before landing. Note that when the briefing aspect of the regulations applies only come takeoffs, the an alert responsibility applies to both takeoffs and landings, and it additionally applies come the movement of the plane on the surface. Again, the pilot in command require not personally attain this notice so lengthy as the pilot in command provides sure that the notification has been given.
Use. For usage requirements, yes a difference between crewmember use and passenger use.
For crewmember use, the regulations refer to “required flight crewmember,” i beg your pardon for us is usually just one person--the pilot in command that the flight. Much 91.105(a) claims that every required trip crewmember need to keep his or she seat belt fastened throughout takeoff and landing, and while en route. Far 91.105(b) says that during takeoff and also landing, the required trip crewmember have to keep his or her shoulder harness fastened while at the crewmember stations, but need not keep it fastened if en route. The harness requirement only applies if the crewmember’s chair is, in fact, equipped with a shoulder harness. Over there is an exception that might apply to our single-pilot, small aircraft operations. Since a shoulder harness might interfere v piloting duties, the regulations execute not mandate that a required trip crewmember should fasten the shoulder harness if the pilot would certainly be unable to perform forced duties v the shoulder harness fastened.
For most passengers, much 91.107(a)(3) requires comparable use needs to that of the pilot, through two exceptions. In addition to takeoffs and landings, passengers must also use their seat belts and also shoulder harnesses during aircraft motion on the surface. However, passengers are not compelled to usage seat belts or shoulder harnesses when en route, although that is probably a good idea because that those passenger to perform so. Keep in mind that these are use demands for passengers to comply with, not the pilot in command. Together the pilot, the is your obligation to ensure the each human being on board is briefed about the usage of belts and also harnesses and that each human being is notified to close his or her belt and harness, however it is not your responsibility to ensure that the passenger supplies them.
For some other passengers, there room exceptions. Because that example, an exemption to seating and also belt demands is that a child under the period of two might be hosted by an adult who is occupying an authorized seat or berth. The FAA has additionally recognized an exemption that permits two world to accounting one seat; according to the FAA, usage of a seat belt and seat by much more than one occupant is proper as lengthy as the belt was approved and also rated for such use, the structural strength needs for the seats room not exceeded, and also the seat intake conforms with the constraints of the plane flight manual. And, a person on plank for the objective of engaging in sports parachuting still demands to be belted and harnessed, if installed, but may use the floor that the aircraft as a seat.
In mine experience, pilots are far better able to remember these briefing, notification, and use requirements if lock are included on a checklist. So, think about adding them to her checklists. And, nothing presume the knowledge of her passengers. It’s always better to be safe (and compliant) 보다 sorry.
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As pilot in command of one aircraft, you have a many responsibility, especially when you have actually passengers aboard. Not only should you make certain you room buckled up, but the regulations require that you must also assure the your passengers are buckled up and also you need to be sure to brief them. I discover that the needs are most basic to remember as a “Rule the Three”: briefing, notification, and also use.
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Ms. Yodice is an tool rated private pilot and experienced aviation attorney who is licensed to practice law in Maryland and the ar of Columbia. She is active in numerous local and also national aviation associations, and also co-owns a Piper Cherokee and flies the household Piper J-3 Cub.