facet 27 of routine table is Cobalt through atomic number 27, atomic load 58.9332. Cobalt, prize Co, has actually a basic Hexagonal structure and also Gray color. Cobalt is a shift metal element. Know everything about Cobalt Facts, physical Properties, chemical Properties, electronic configuration, Atomic and Crystal Structure.
Cobalt is a chemical facet with prize Co and also atomic number 27. Like nickel, cobalt in the Earth"s crust is found only in chemically combined form, conserve for little deposits uncovered in alloys of herbal meteoric iron. The free element, developed by reductive smelting, is a hard, lustrous, silver-gray metal.
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Read vital information and also facts about element Cobalt
|team in regular Table||9|
|Group Name||cobalt family members|
|period in periodic Table||4|
|Block in regular Table||d-block|
|Melting allude||1495 °C|
|Boiling suggest||2927 °C|
|Electronic covering Structure||<2, 8, 15, 2>|
How to situate Cobalt on routine Table
Periodic table is i ordered it by atomic number, number of protons in the nucleus i beg your pardon is very same as variety of electrons. The atomic number rises from left to right. Routine table start at height left ( atomic number 1) and also ends at bottom appropriate (atomic number 118). Therefore you can directly look for atomic number 27 to discover Cobalt on regular table.
Another means to read periodic table and also locate an element is through using group number (column) and period number (row). To locate Cobalt on periodic table look because that cross ar of group 9 and duration 4 in the contemporary periodic table.
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Table the Contents
Atomic & orbit Properties
Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines
Compare Cobalt with various other elements
The aspect Cobalt was found by Georg Brandt in year 1735 in Sweden . Cobalt obtained its name from the German native Kobold, meaning "goblin"
Cobalt Presence: diversity in Nature and also Around Us
The table listed below shows the abundance of Cobalt in Universe, Sun, Meteorites, Earth"s Crust, Oceans and Human Body.
|variety in universe||3e-06|
|abundance in sun||4e-06|
|diversity in Meteorites||0.00059|
|Abundance in Earth"s late||3e-05|
|abundance in oceans||8×10-9%|
|abundance in human beings||2×10-6%|
Crystal framework of Cobalt
The solid state framework of Cobalt is Simple Hexagonal.
The decision structure deserve to be described in regards to its unit Cell. The unit cells repeats chin in three dimensional an are to type the structure.
Unit cell Parameters
The unit cabinet is represented in regards to its lattice parameters, which space the lengths the the cell edges Lattice Constants (a, b and also c)
and the angles in between them Lattice angles (alpha, beta and gamma).
The positions of the atoms inside the unit cabinet are defined by the collection of atomic positions ( xi, yi, zi) measured native a reference lattice point.
The symmetry properties of the decision are defined by the concept of room groups. All possible symmetric arrangements of particles in three-dimensional an are are described by the 230 an are groups (219 distinct types, or 230 if chiral duplicates are thought about distinct.
|room Group name||P63/mmc|| |
|an are Group Number||194|
|Crystal structure||Simple Hexagonal|
Cobalt Atomic and Orbital Properties
Cobalt atoms have 27 electrons and also the digital shell framework is <2, 8, 15, 2> through Atomic hatchet Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 4F9/2.
|Number of electrons (with no charge)||27|
|Number of Protons||27|
|Number that Neutrons||32|
|Shell framework (Electrons per power level)||<2, 8, 15, 2>|
|Valence Electrons||3d7 4s2|
|Oxidation State||-3;-1 1;2;3;4;5|
|Atomic ax Symbol (Quantum Numbers)||4F9/2|
Shell structure of Cobalt - electron per energy level
Ground State electronic Configuration the Cobalt - neutral Cobalt atomThe floor state electronic configuration that Neutral Cobalt atom is
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Unabbreviated electronic configuration that neutral Cobalt
Complete floor state digital configuration for the Cobalt atom, Unabbreviated digital configuration
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d7 4s2
Atomic structure of Cobalt
Cobalt atom radius is 152 pm, when it"s covalent radius is 126 pm.
|atom Radius|| |
152 pm (1.52 Å)
|Atomic Volume||6.62170786517 cm3|
|Covalent Radius||126 pm (1.26 Å)|
|van der Waals Radius||N/A|
|spirit Cross ar||37.2 σa/barns|
Atomic Spectrum of Cobalt
Cobalt chemical Properties: Cobalt Ionization Energies and also electron affinity
The electron affinity that Cobalt is 63.7 kJ/mol
Ionization energy of Cobalt
Refer come table below for Ionization energies the Cobalt
Cobalt physical Properties
Refer to below table for Cobalt physics Properties
|Molar Volume||6.62170786517 cm3|
|Young Modulus||209 GPa|
|Shear Modulus||75 GPa|
|bulk Modulus||180 GPa|
Hardness of Cobalt - exam to measure up of Hardness of Element
|Mohs Hardness||5 MPa|
|Vickers Hardness||1043 MPa|
|Brinell Hardness||700 MPa|
Cobalt electrical Properties
Cobalt is Conductor that electricity. Refer to table listed below for the electric properties that Cobalt
|electrical Conductivity||1.7×107 S/m|
|Resistivity||6×10-8 m Ω|
Cobalt Heat and also Conduction Properties
|heat Conductivity||100 W/(m K)|
|Thermal development||0.000013 K-1|
Cobalt Magnetic Properties
|Curie allude||1394 K|
|massive Magnetic Susceptibility||N/A|
|Molar Magnetic Susceptibility||N/A|
|Volume Magnetic Susceptibility||N/A|
Optical nature of Cobalt
|Refractive table of contents||N/A|
Acoustic nature of Cobalt
|rate of Sound||4720 m/s|
Cobalt thermal Properties - Enthalpies and also thermodynamics
Refer come table listed below for thermal properties the Cobalt
|Melting point||1768 K (1495 °C)|
|Boiling point||3.2×103 K (2927 °C)|
|an important Temperature||N/A|
Enthalpies of Cobalt
|heat of combination||16.2 kJ/mol|
|warm of Vaporization||375 kJ/mol|
|warmth of burning||N/A|
Cobalt isotope - nuclear Properties that Cobalt
Isotopes the rhodium. Naturally arising Cobalt has 1 steady isotope - 59Co.
Regulatory and also Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines
|dot Hazard class||4.1|
|NFPA Fire Rating||N/A|
|NFPA wellness Rating||N/A|
|NFPA Reactivity Rating||N/A|
list of distinct identifiers to search the element in miscellaneous chemical it is registered databases
|CAS Number - chemical Abstracts organization (CAS)||CAS7440-48-4|