aspect 28 of routine table is Nickel through atomic number 28, atomic load 58.6934. Nickel, price Ni, has a Face centered Cubic structure and Gray color. Nickel is a shift metal element. Understand everything about Nickel Facts, physical Properties, chemistry Properties, electronic configuration, Atomic and also Crystal Structure.


Nickel is a chemical facet with symbol Ni and also atomic number 28. It is a silvery-white lustrous metal with a slight golden tinge. Nickel belongs to the change metals and is hard and also ductile.

You are watching: Ground state electron configuration of nickel

Nickel Facts

Read crucial information and facts around element Nickel

surname Nickel
atom Number 28
atom Symbol Ni
Atomic load 58.6934
step Solid
shade Gray
Classification transition metal
group in routine Table 10
Group Name nickel household
period in routine Table 4
Block in periodic Table d-block
Electronic Configuration 3d8 4s2
Melting suggest 1455 °C
Boiling allude 2913 °C
Electronic shell Structure <2, 8, 16, 2>
CAS Number CAS7440-02-0

How to locate Nickel on routine Table

Periodic table is i ordered it by atomic number, number of protons in the nucleus i m sorry is same as variety of electrons. The atom number rises from left to right. Routine table starts at peak left ( atomic number 1) and ends at bottom appropriate (atomic number 118). Thus you can straight look because that atomic number 28 to find Nickel on regular table.

Another method to read routine table and also locate an aspect is by using team number (column) and duration number (row). To locate Nickel on periodic table look for cross section of team 10 and duration 4 in the modern-day periodic table.

explore Interactive routine Table come Understand and also Learn Cool trends

Table that Contents

Physical Properties
Thermal Properties
Crystal Structure
Atomic & orbit Properties
Chemical Properties
Health and also Safety Parameters and also Guidelines
Compare Nickel with other elements

Nickel History

The facet Nickel was found by Axel Fredrik Cronstedt in year 1751 in Sweden . Nickel obtained its surname from swedish kopparnickel, containing the German native Nickel, "goblin"

Nickel Presence: diversity in Nature and Around Us

The table below shows the abundance of Nickel in Universe, Sun, Meteorites, Earth"s Crust, Oceans and Human Body.

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
abundance in universe 6e-05
diversity in sunlight 8e-05
variety in Meteorites 0.013
Abundance in Earth"s tardy 8.9e-05
abundance in oceans 2×10-7%
variety in human beings 1e-07

Crystal structure of Nickel

The solid state framework of Nickel is Face centered Cubic.

The decision structure can be defined in regards to its unit Cell. The unit cell repeats chin in three dimensional room to kind the structure.

Unit cabinet Parameters

The unit cell is represented in regards to its lattice parameters, which are the lengths of the cell edges Lattice Constants (a, b and c)

a b c
352.4 352.4 352.4 pm

and the angles in between them Lattice angle (alpha, beta and gamma).

alpha beta gamma
π/2 π/2 π/2

The location of the atoms inside the unit cell are defined by the collection of atom positions ( xi, yi, zi) measured indigenous a reference lattice point.

The symmetry nature of the crystal are defined by the concept of space groups. All feasible symmetric arrangements of particles in three-dimensional an are are described by the 230 room groups (219 distinctive types, or 230 if chiral duplicates are taken into consideration distinct.

room Group name Fm_ 3m
space Group Number 225
Crystal framework Face centered Cubic

Nickel Atomic and Orbital Properties

Nickel atoms have actually 28 electrons and the electronic shell framework is <2, 8, 16, 2> v Atomic hatchet Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 3F4.

atom Number 28
Number of electron (with no charge) 28
Number that Protons 28
Mass Number 59
Number the Neutrons 31
Shell framework (Electrons per energy level) <2, 8, 16, 2>
Electron configuration 3d8 4s2
Valence Electrons 3d8 4s2
Oxidation State -2;-1 1;2;3;4
Atomic ax Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 3F4

Shell framework of Nickel - electron per energy level


Ground State electronic Configuration that Nickel - neutral Nickel atom

The soil state electronic configuration of Neutral Nickel atom is 3d8 4s2. The portion of Nickel configuration that is equivalent to the noble gas that the coming before period, is abbreviated together . Because that atoms with plenty of electrons, this notation can become lengthy and so an abbreviation notation is used.This is essential as it is the Valence electron 3d8 4s2, electron in the outermost shell that recognize the chemistry properties that the element.

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Unabbreviated digital configuration that neutral Nickel

Complete soil state electronic configuration for the Nickel atom, Unabbreviated electronic configuration

1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d8 4s2

Atomic structure of Nickel

Nickel atomic radius is 149 pm, if it"s covalent radius is 121 pm.

atomic Radius

149 pm (1.49 Å)

Atomic Volume 6.58884149079 cm3
Covalent Radius 121 afternoon (1.21 Å)
van der Waals Radius 163 pm
ghost Cross ar 37.2 σa/barns

Atomic Spectrum the Nickel


Nickel chemical Properties: Nickel Ionization Energies and electron affinity

The electron affinity the Nickel is 112 kJ/mol

Valence 2
Electronegativity 1.91
ElectronAffinity 112 kJ/mol

Ionization power of Nickel

Refer to table below for Ionization energies of Nickel

Ionization power number Enthalpy - kJ/mol
1 737.1
2 1753
3 3395
4 5.3×103
5 7339
6 1.04×104
7 1.28×104
8 1.56×104
9 1.86×104
10 21670
11 30970
12 3.4×104
13 3.71×104
14 4.15×104
15 4.48×104
16 4.81×104
17 55101
18 58570
19 1.487×105
20 1.59×105
21 1.694×105

Nickel physics Properties

Refer to listed below table because that Nickel physics Properties

density 8.908 g/cm3
Molar Volume 6.58884149079 cm3

Elastic Properties

Young Modulus 200 GPa
Shear Modulus 76 GPa
mass Modulus 180 GPa
Poisson proportion 0.31

Hardness of Nickel - tests to measure up of Hardness that Element

Mohs Hardness 4 MPa
Vickers Hardness 638 MPa
Brinell Hardness 700 MPa

Nickel electrical Properties

Nickel is Conductor that electricity. Describe table below for the electrical properties the Nickel

electric Conductivity 1.4×107 S/m
Resistivity 7×10-8 m Ω
Superconducting allude N/A

Nickel Heat and also Conduction Properties

heat Conductivity 91 W/(m K)
Thermal growth 0.0000134 K-1

Nickel Magnetic Properties

Magnetic form Ferromagnetic
Curie allude 631 K
mass Magnetic Susceptibility N/A
Molar Magnetic Susceptibility N/A
Volume Magnetic Susceptibility N/A

Optical properties of Nickel

Refractive index N/A

Acoustic properties of Nickel

rate of Sound 4970 m/s

Nickel thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

Refer come table below for heat properties the Nickel

Melting allude 1728 K (1455 °C)
Boiling suggest 3186 K (2913 °C)
an essential Temperature N/A
Superconducting allude N/A

Enthalpies the Nickel

warmth of combination 17.2 kJ/mol
heat of Vaporization 378 kJ/mol
warm of combustion N/A

Nickel isotope - atom Properties the Nickel

Isotopes the rhodium. Naturally occurring Nickel has 5 steady isotope - 58Ni, 60Ni, 61Ni, 62Ni, 64Ni.

Isotope Isotope fixed % variety T half Decay setting
58Ni 68.0769% stable N/A
60Ni 26.2231% steady N/A
61Ni 1.1399% secure N/A
62Ni 3.6345% stable N/A
64Ni 0.9256% stable N/A

Regulatory and also Health - Health and also Safety Parameters and also Guidelines

CAS Number CAS7440-02-0
RTECS Number RTECSQR5950000
period Hazard course 4.1
dot Numbers 3089
EU Number N/A
NFPA Fire Rating 4
NFPA perils N/A
NFPA health and wellness Rating 2
NFPA Reactivity Rating 1
Autoignition suggest N/A
Flashpoint N/A

Database Search

list of distinctive identifiers to search the aspect in miscellaneous chemical it is registered databases

Database i would number
CAS Number - chemistry Abstracts service (CAS) CAS7440-02-0
CID Number CID935
Gmelin Number N/A
NSC Number N/A
RTECS Number RTECSQR5950000

Compare Nickel v all Group 10 elements

Nickel vs Palladium Nickel vs Platinum Nickel vs Darmstadtium

Compare Nickel v all transition metal elements

Nickel vs Scandium Nickel vs Titanium Nickel vs Vanadium Nickel vs Chromium Nickel vs Manganese Nickel vs stole Nickel vs Cobalt Nickel vs Copper Nickel vs Zinc Nickel vs Yttrium Nickel vs Zirconium Nickel vs Niobium Nickel vs Molybdenum Nickel vs Technetium Nickel vs Ruthenium Nickel vs Rhodium Nickel vs Palladium Nickel vs silver- Nickel vs Cadmium Nickel vs Hafnium Nickel vs Tantalum Nickel vs Tungsten Nickel vs Rhenium Nickel vs Osmium Nickel vs Iridium Nickel vs Platinum Nickel vs yellow Nickel vs Mercury Nickel vs Rutherfordium Nickel vs Dubnium Nickel vs Seaborgium Nickel vs Bohrium Nickel vs Hassium Nickel vs Meitnerium Nickel vs Darmstadtium Nickel vs Roentgenium Nickel vs Copernicium