Element Platinum � Pt

Comprehensive data ~ above the chemical aspect Platinum is detailed on this page; including scores the properties, facet names in countless languages, most well-known nuclides of Platinum. Common chemical compounds room also noted for plenty of elements. In addition technical terms are attached to your definitions and also the menu has links come related articles that room a great aid in one"s studies.

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Platinum Menu

Platinum web page OneOverview the PlatinumPlatinum"s name in various other LanguagesAtomic structure of PlatinumChemical properties of PlatinumPhysical properties of PlatinumRegulatory / HealthWho/When/Where/HowPlatinum page TwoNuclides / IsotopesPotential parental NuclidesPlatinum web page ThreeCommon chemical Compounds the Platinum

Overview of Platinum

Atomic Number: 78Group: 10Period: 6Series: shift Metals

Platinum"s name in various other Languages

Latin: PlatinumCzech: PlatinaCroatian: PlatinaFrench: PlatineGerman: Platin - eItalian: PlatinoNorwegian: PlatinaPortuguese: PlatinaRussian: ПлатинаSpanish: PlatinoSwedish: PlatinaAtomic structure of PlatinumAtomic Radius: 1.83ÅAtomic Volume: 9.1cm3/molCovalent Radius: 1.3ÅCross Section (Thermal ghost Capture) σa/barns: 0.96Crystal Structure: Cubic challenge centered
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Electron Configuration:1s2 2s2p6 3s2p6d10 4s2p6d10f14 5s2p6d9 6s1Electrons per energy Level: 2,8,18,32,17,1Shell Model
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Ionic Radius:
0.625ÅFilling Orbital: 5d9Number of electrons (with no charge): 78Number of neutron (most common/stable nuclide): 117Number of Protons: 78Oxidation States: 2,4Valence Electrons: 5d9 6s1

Chemical properties of Platinum

Electrochemical Equivalent: 1.8197g/amp-hrElectron work-related Function: 5.65eVElectronegativity: 2.28 (Pauling); 1.44 (Allrod Rochow)Heat that Fusion: 19.6kJ/molIncompatibilities:Aluminum, acetone, arsenic, ethane, hydrazine, hydrogen peroxide, lithium, phosphorus, selenium, tellurium, miscellaneous fluoridesIonization PotentialFirst: 9Second: 18.563Valence Electron Potential (-eV): 92.2

Physical properties of Platinum

Atomic fixed Average: 195.08Boiling Point: 4100K 3827°C 6921°FCoefficient of lineal heat expansion/K-1: 9E-6ConductivityElectrical: 0.0966 106/cm ?Thermal: 0.716 W/cmKDensity: 21.45g/cc
300KDescription:Silver white shift metal.Elastic Modulus:Bulk: 276/GPaRigidity: 60.9/GPaYoungs: 170/GPaEnthalpy that Atomization: 565 kJ/mole
25°CEnthalpy the Fusion: 19.7 kJ/moleEnthalpy the Vaporization: 510.5 kJ/moleFlammablity Class: Non-combustible heavy (except as dust)Freezing Point: see melting pointHardness ScaleBrinell: 392 MN m-2Mohs: 3.5Vickers: 549 MN m-2Heat the Vaporization: 510kJ/molMelting Point: 2045K 1772°C 3222°FMolar Volume: 9.09 cm3/moleOptical Reflectivity: 73%Physical State (at 20°C & 1atm): SolidSpecific Heat: 0.13J/gKVapor Pressure = 0.0312Pa
1772°C

Regulatory / Health

CAS Number7440-06-4RTECS: TP2160000OSHA permit Exposure limit (PEL)No limits collection by OSHAOSHA PEL Vacated 1989TWA: 1 mg/m3NIOSH encourage Exposure limit (REL)TWA: 1 mg/m3 Routes the Exposure: Inhalation; Ingestion; Skin and/or eye contactTarget Organs: Eyes, skin, respiratory systemLevels In Humans:Note: this data represents naturally occuring level of aspects in the common human, that DOES NOT stand for recommended daily allowances.Blood/mg dm-3: n/aBone/p.p.m: n/aLiver/p.p.m: n/aMuscle/p.p.m: n/aDaily diet Intake: n/aTotal fixed In Avg. 70kg human: n/a

Who / whereby / as soon as / How

Discoverer: known to pre-Columbian south Americans. Taken to Europe about 1750Discovery Location: south AmericaDiscovery Year: UnknownName Origin:Spanish: platina (little silver).Abundance the Platinum:Earth"s Crust/p.p.m.: 0.001Seawater/p.p.m.: Atlantic Suface: N/AAtlantic Deep: N/APacific Surface: 1.1E-07Pacific Deep: 2.7E-07Atmosphere/p.p.m.: N/ASun (Relative come H=1E12): 56.2Sources the Platinum:Produced native platinum ore or aboriginal platinum deposits. Primary mining areas are Urals in Russia, Canada, south Africa Columbia and also Peru. Yearly world wide production is approximately 30 tons.Uses the Platinum:Used in jewelry, to do crucibles, distinct containers, together a catalyst, in dental crowns, together an anti-tumor agent and to make traditional weights and measures. The is likewise combined with cobalt to produce very solid magnets.Additional Notes:Some sources attribute the exploration of platinum to Antonio de Ulloa the Spain in 1735 or timber in 1741, however, it had actually been well-known to and also used through the pre-Columbian ind in southern America long before that time. Therefore we have opted to credit transaction the an initial users of platinum with the discovery, not the european explorers/scientists the "rediscovered" it and brought it to Europe.

Platinum Menu

Platinum web page OneOverview the PlatinumPlatinum"s name in various other LanguagesAtomic framework of PlatinumChemical nature of PlatinumPhysical nature of PlatinumRegulatory / HealthWho/When/Where/HowPlatinum web page TwoNuclides / IsotopesPotential parental NuclidesPlatinum page ThreeCommon chemistry Compounds that Platinum

References

A perform of recommendation sources provided to translate in the data listed on our routine table of facets can be discovered on the key periodic table page.

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