The story of David and also Goliath is one encouraging come anyone to civilization of all ages, young and also old. There are pictures of him as a small child fighting Goliath and also as a young man, yet which one is right? What was David’s age when he combated Goliath?

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David was Under 20

Numbers 1:3 – “From 20 years old and also upward, all that room able to walk forth to war in Israel: thou and Aaron shall number castle by your armies.”

– keep in psychic that all of David’s brothers were fighting in the army, however David wasn’t. All males 20 and up fought in Israel’s army. From this, we have the right to see that David to be under 20 years old since he no in the army.

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David Was called a “Valiant guy of War”

In 1 Samuel 16, David to be anointed and also called the youngest of all Jesse’s sons. However, in simply in a few verses later, before he combated Goliath as “a youth”, the was called a man. Examine this out:

1 Samuel 16:18 – “Then answered among the servants, and said, Behold, I have seen a kid of Jesse the Bethlehemite, the is shrewd in playing, and also a mighty valiant man, and also a man of war, and also prudent in matters, and a comely person, and also the lord is v him.”

– understand that this 2 stories of 1Sam 16 and 1Sam 17 room not in chronological order. David wasn’t a male of war until after he fought Goliath. Infact, before David combated Goliath, he didn’t have any war experience. So, chronologically, David to be anointed, he dealt with the giant, and also then this story taken place where he played the harp for Saul in 1Sam 16. This makes more sense if you look in ~ 1 Samuel 17:55-56.

David Was dubbed a Youth

1 Samuel 17:55-56 – “And once Saul witnessed David go forth against the Philistine, he said unto Abner, the captain of the host, Abner, whose child is this youth? and also Abner said, together thy heart liveth, O king, i cannot tell. And also the king said, Enquire thou whose child the stripling is.”

– If David had been playing harp because that Saul that entirety time, of food Saul would have actually known who David was, and also his ideal hand guy Abner (who would have checked David’s background because that Saul’s safety) would have as well. This likewise explains why he was called a mighty male of battle at the time and also a youth later. The factor why the writer did not put the story in chronological order to be to compare how the divine Spirit left Saul and also came onto David after ~ his anointing (1Sam 16). David was anointed and the divine Spirit came on him, Saul disobeyed God and the heart left him.

– H5288: a boy from the age of infancy to adolescence.

– H5958: a young man, a lad.

1 Samuel 17:33 – “And Saul said to David, you art not able come go versus this Philistine to fight with him: because that thou art however a youth, and also he a male of war from his youth.”

– This same word for youth H5288 was applied to Ishmael when he to be made to leaving Abraham, somewhere between age 16-19. Abraham conceived Ishmael when he was 86 (Gen 16:16), conceived Isaac when he to be 100 (Gen 21:5), and also when Isaac was weaned (Gen 21:8), which was most likely 2 years after he was born, Abraham do Ishmael leave (Gen 21:14). That would certainly at the very least make Ishmael 16 or older. David to be probably around the same age. It can be assumed that neither Ishmael nor David were old enough to grow a beard.

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David’s Age

Jessee had 8 boy (1 Sam 18:12). The earliest 3 were twenty years old and older follow to number 1:3. At the youngest, the 3 oldest sons would have been 22, 21, and 20 (unless they were triplets and also all 20 years old). The fourth oldest son didn’t offer in the army, which way at the oldest, the would have to be 19. That pipeline the 5 sons who didn’t join the armed forces to it is in 19, 18, 17, 16, and also 15 assuming the David’s mother had 1 kid a year. It’s also a opportunity that David had actually elder twin brothers, which would possibly make the older than 15.