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## On mean-field GI/GI/1 queueing model: existence, uniqueness

A mean-field extension of the queueing system \(GI/GI/1\) is considered. The process is constructed as a Markov solution of a martingale problem. Uniqueness in distribution is also established under a slightly different set of assumptions on intensities in comparison to those required for existence.

Existence, weak uniqueness, and Markov - Dobrushin's conditions are established for Markov solutions of highly degenerate stochastic differential equations.

Materials for the International Conference Analytical and Computational Methods in Probability Theory and its Applications (ACMPT-2017)

The scientific publication presents the materials of the International Scientific Conference "Analytical and Computational Methods in Probability Theory and Its Applications" in the following main areas:

- Analytical methods in probability theory and its applications;

- Computational methods in probability theory and its applications;

- Asymptotic methods in analysis;

- History of Mathematics

The collection is intended for scientists and specialists in the field of probability theory and its applications.

ISBN 978-5-209-08291-0

Existence and uniqueness has been established for a mean-field version of the GI/GI/1 queueing model

We consider a basic stochastic particle system consisting of *N* identical particles with isotropic *k*-particle synchronization, ${k\ge 2}$. In the limit when both the number of particles *N* and the time $t=t(N)$ grow to infinity we study an asymptotic behavior of a coordinate spread of the particle system. We describe three time stages of $t(N)$ for which a qualitative behavior of the system is completely different. Moreover, we discuss the case when a spread of the initial configuration depends on *N* and increases to infinity as $N\rightarrow\infty$.

We study the Markov exclusion process for a particle system with a local interaction in the integer strip. This process models the exchange of velocities and particle-hole exchange of the liquid molecules. It is shown that the mean velocity profile corresponds to the behavior which is characteristic for incompressible viscous liquid. We prove the existence of phase transition between laminar and turbulent profiles.

A model for organizing cargo transportation between two node stations connected by a railway line which contains a certain number of intermediate stations is considered. The movement of cargo is in one direction. Such a situation may occur, for example, if one of the node stations is located in a region which produce raw material for manufacturing industry located in another region, and there is another node station. The organization of freight traﬃc is performed by means of a number of technologies. These technologies determine the rules for taking on cargo at the initial node station, the rules of interaction between neighboring stations, as well as the rule of distribution of cargo to the ﬁnal node stations. The process of cargo transportation is followed by the set rule of control. For such a model, one must determine possible modes of cargo transportation and describe their properties. This model is described by a ﬁnite-dimensional system of diﬀerential equations with nonlocal linear restrictions. The class of the solution satisfying nonlocal linear restrictions is extremely narrow. It results in the need for the “correct” extension of solutions of a system of diﬀerential equations to a class of quasi-solutions having the distinctive feature of gaps in a countable number of points. It was possible numerically using the Runge–Kutta method of the fourth order to build these quasi-solutions and determine their rate of growth. Let us note that in the technical plan the main complexity consisted in obtaining quasi-solutions satisfying the nonlocal linear restrictions. Furthermore, we investigated the dependence of quasi-solutions and, in particular, sizes of gaps (jumps) of solutions on a number of parameters of the model characterizing a rule of control, technologies for transportation of cargo and intensity of giving of cargo on a node station.

Let k be a field of characteristic zero, let G be a connected reductive algebraic group over k and let g be its Lie algebra. Let k(G), respectively, k(g), be the field of k- rational functions on G, respectively, g. The conjugation action of G on itself induces the adjoint action of G on g. We investigate the question whether or not the field extensions k(G)/k(G)^G and k(g)/k(g)^G are purely transcendental. We show that the answer is the same for k(G)/k(G)^G and k(g)/k(g)^G, and reduce the problem to the case where G is simple. For simple groups we show that the answer is positive if G is split of type A_n or C_n, and negative for groups of other types, except possibly G_2. A key ingredient in the proof of the negative result is a recent formula for the unramified Brauer group of a homogeneous space with connected stabilizers. As a byproduct of our investigation we give an affirmative answer to a question of Grothendieck about the existence of a rational section of the categorical quotient morphism for the conjugating action of G on itself.

Let G be a connected semisimple algebraic group over an algebraically closed field k. In 1965 Steinberg proved that if G is simply connected, then in G there exists a closed irreducible cross-section of the set of closures of regular conjugacy classes. We prove that in arbitrary G such a cross-section exists if and only if the universal covering isogeny Ĝ → G is bijective; this answers Grothendieck's question cited in the epigraph. In particular, for char k = 0, the converse to Steinberg's theorem holds. The existence of a cross-section in G implies, at least for char k = 0, that the algebra k[G]G of class functions on G is generated by rk G elements. We describe, for arbitrary G, a minimal generating set of k[G]G and that of the representation ring of G and answer two Grothendieck's questions on constructing generating sets of k[G]G. We prove the existence of a rational (i.e., local) section of the quotient morphism for arbitrary G and the existence of a rational cross-section in G (for char k = 0, this has been proved earlier); this answers the other question cited in the epigraph. We also prove that the existence of a rational section is equivalent to the existence of a rational W-equivariant map T- - - >G/T where T is a maximal torus of G and W the Weyl group.