Recognize a low grade clause when you find one.

You are watching: In this sentence, what word begins the subordinate clause?

A subordinate clause—also dubbed a dependent clause—will begin with a low grade conjunction or a family member pronoun. Choose allclauses, that will have actually both asubject and also a verb.

This combination of words will certainly not kind acomplete sentence. The will instead make a leader want added information to finish the thought.

Here is a perform of subordinate conjunctions:

Subordinate Conjunctions
afteralthoughasas ifas lengthy asas soon asas thoughbecausebeforeeven ifeven thoughhowifin casein stimulate thatinsofar asjust asno issue hownow thatonceprovided thatrather thansinceso thatthanthatthoughtillunlessuntilwhenwheneverwherewhereaswhereverwhetherwhilewhy

Here room the family member pronouns:

Relative Pronouns

Now check out these examples:

After Amy sneezed anywhere the tuna salad

After = low grade conjunction;Amy = subject;sneezed = verb.

Once Adam smashed the spider

Once = low grade conjunction;Adam = subject;smashed = verb.

Until Mr. Sanchez has actually his first cup of coffee

Until = subordinate conjunction;Mr. Sanchez = subject;has = verb.

Who ate handfuls that bran flakes v his bare hands

Who = relative pronoun (functioning as the subject); ate = verb.

Remember this essential point: A subordinate i cannot was standing alone as a sentence since the leader is left wondering, "So what happened?" as soon as a native group starts with a resources letter and also ends with a period, girlfriend must encompass at least onemain i to finish the thought. Otherwise, you have written a fragment, a significant error.

After Amy sneezed anywhere the tuna salad.

So what happened? did Amy litter the salad under the rubbish disposal or offer it on toast to her friends? No finish thought = fragment.

Once Adam smashed the spider.

So what happened? go Belinda cheer him because that his bravery or lecture the on pet rights? No finish thought = fragment.

Until Mr. Sanchez has actually his an initial cup the coffee.

So what happens? Is he as well sleepy come work, or walk he have a the personality is bad disposition? No complete thought = fragment.

Who ate handfuls of bran flakes through his ceiling hands.

So what happened? to be the roommates shocked, or go they ask the to happen the cereal box so that they can do the same? No complete thought = fragment.

Punctuate a subordinate clause correctly.

When you attach a subordinate clause in prior ofamain clause, usage a comma:

Subordinate i + , +Main Clause.

Even despite the broccoli was extended in cheddar cheese, Emily refused to eat it.

Unless Christine finishes she calculus homework, she will have to suffer Professor Nguyen's wrath in course tomorrow.

While Bailey slept ~ above the sofa in prior of the television, Samson, the family members dog, gnawed on the foot of the coffee table.

When you connect a subordinate i at the finish of a main clause, friend will generally use no punctuation:

Main clause + Ø + subordinate Clause.

Tanya walk poorly ~ above her history exambecause her finest friend Giselle insisted on gossiping during their study session the night before.

Jonathon spent his class time reading comic bookssince his typical was a 45 one week prior to final exams.

Diane chose to plant tomatoes in the ago yardwhere the sunlight blazed the longest throughout the day.

Punctuation it s okay tricky with adjective clauses.

An adjective clause is a subordinate clause that begins with a loved one pronoun such together who, which, or that.

This type of clause calls for no punctuation when it isessential and also comma(s) as soon as it isnonessential. How do you make the determination?

When the details in the clause clarifies a basic noun, the i is essential and will monitor the same pattern that you observed above:

Main i + Ø + vital Adjective Clause.

Nick offered a grasp of potato chips come the dogthat was sniffing around the picnic table.

Dog is a basic noun. I beg your pardon one are we talk about? The adjective i that to be sniffing approximately the picnic table clarifies which animal we mean. The clause is therefore essential and requires no punctuation.

When the adjective clause complies with a specific noun, the point changes. The info in the clause does not have actually the exact same importance, for this reason the clause becomes nonessential, inquiry a comma to affix it.

Main clause + , + Nonessential Adjective Clause.

Nick offered a grasp of potato chips come Button,who was sniffing approximately the picnic table.

Button, the name of a distinct dog, lets us know which animal we mean. The details in the adjective clause has reduced impact, i m sorry you show with the comma.

Adjective rule can likewise interrupt a key clause. As soon as this happens, usage no point for critical clause. However if the clause is nonessential, different it through a comma in former and a comma behind.

Read this examples:

After dripping mustard almost everywhere his chest, the manwho to be wearing a red shirts wished the he had actually instead preferred ketchup because that his hotdog.

After dripping mustard all over his chest, Charles,who to be wearing a red shirt, wished that he had actually instead preferred ketchup because that his hotdog.

Use subordination to incorporate ideas effectively.

Writers usage subordination to combine two ideas into a solitary sentence.

Read these two basic sentences:

Rhonda gasped. A six-foot line slithered across the sidewalk.

Since the two basic sentences space related, friend can integrate them to express the action an ext effectively:

Rhonda gasped when a six-foot line slithered across the sidewalk.

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If the two principles have unequal importance, conserve the most crucial one for the finish of the sentence so the your reader remember that best.

If us rewrite the example over so the the two principles are flipped, the wrong suggest gets emphasized:

When a six-foot snake slithered across the side walk, Rhonda gasped.

Readers are less involved with Rhonda's reaction than the existence of a giant snake on the sidewalk!

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