Medical terminology for health and wellness Professions thing 4 words activity

Abduction The activity of a body (arm or leg) far from the midline that the body.

You are watching: Is the distortion or impairment of voluntary movement such as in a tic or spasm.

Adduction The movement of a body (arm or leg) towards the midline that the body.
Adhesion A band of fibrous organization that holds structures together abnormally.
Ataxia The lack of muscle coordination during voluntary movement.
Atonic Lacking common muscle tone or strength.
Atrophy Weakness or wearing away of human body tissues and structures.
Bradykinesia Extreme slowness in movement.
carpal tunnel syndrome Symptoms take place when the tendons the pass v the carpal tunnel are chronically overused and become inflamed and swollen.
chronic exhaustion syndrome A disorder the unknown cause that affects countless body systems.
Circumduction The circular activity at the far finish of a limb.
Contracture The permanent tightening the fascia, muscles, tendons, ligaments, or skin the occurs when usually elastic connective organization are changed with nonelastic fibrous tissues.
Dorsiflexion The motion that bends the foot upward at the ankle.
Dyskinesia The distortion or impairment of voluntary motion such together a tic or spasm.
Dystonia A problem of abnormal muscle ton that reasons the handicap of spontaneous muscle movement.
Electromyography A diagnostic test that measures the electrical activity within muscle yarn in solution to nerve stimulation.
Epicondylitis Inflammation of the tissues bordering the elbow.
Ergonomics The study of the human factors that affect the design and also operation the tools and also the job-related environment.
exercise physiologist A specialist who works under the supervision the a medical professional to develop, implement, and also coordinate practice programs, and administer medical tests to promote physics fitness.
Fasciitis Inflammation the a fascia.
fibromyalgia syndrome A debilitating chronic condition defined by fatigue; diffuse or particular muscle, joint, or bone pain; and also a wide variety of other symptoms.
ganglion cyst A harmless fluidfilled swelling that wake up most typically on the external surface of the wrist.
heel spur A calcium deposit in the plantar fascia near its attachment to the calcaneus (heel) bone that have the right to be among the causes of plantar fasciitis.
Hemiparesis Slight paralysis or weakness affecting one next of the body.
Hemiplegia Total paralysis affecting just one next of the body.
Hernia The protrusion that a component of a structure through the tissues generally containing it.
Hyperkinesias Abnormally boosted muscle function or activity; additionally known as hyperactivity.
Hypotonia A problem in which there is decreased tone of the skeleton muscles.
impingement syndrome Occurs once inflamed and also swollen tendons are caught in the narrow room between the bones in ~ the shoulder joint.
Insertion Where the muscle end by it is registered to a bone or tendon.
intermittent claudication Pain in the leg muscles the occurs during exercise and also is relieved by rest.
muscular dystrophy A team of genetic diseases that are identified by steady weakness and also degeneration that the skeletal muscle that manage movement, without affecting the nervous system.
myasthenia gravis A chronic autoimmune an illness that affects the neuromuscular junction and also produces severe weakness of voluntarily muscles.
Myocele The herniation (protrusion) that muscle substance with a tear in the fascia bordering it.
Myoclonus The sudden, involuntary jerking that a muscle or team of muscles.
myofascial release A committed soft-tissue manipulation an approach used to ease the pains of conditions such together fibromyalgia syndrome, myofascial ache syndrome, motion restrictions, temporomandibular joint disorders (TMJ), and also carpal tunnel syndrome.
Myolysis The degeneration that muscle tissue.
Myoparesis a weak or slim muscular paralysis.
Myorrhaphy The operation suturing a muscle.
Neuromuscular Pertaining to the relationship in between a nerve and muscle.
nocturnal myoclonus Jerking the the four that deserve to occur normally as a person is fall asleep.
Oblique Slanted or at an angle.
Paralysis The ns of sensation and also voluntary muscle motions in a muscle through condition or injury come its nerve supply.
Paraplegia The paralysis the both legs and also the lower part of the body.
Physiatrist A medical professional who specializes in physics medicine and rehabilitation v the emphasis on restoring function.
plantar fasciitis An inflammation the the plantar fascia ~ above the sole of the foot. This condition causes foot or hoe pain when walking or running.
Polymyositis A muscle condition characterized through the simultaneously inflammation and weakening of voluntary muscles in countless parts of the body.
Pronation The act of rotating the arm or foot so the the palm of the hand or single of the foot is turned downward or backward.
Quadriplegia Paralysis that all four extremities.
range of activity testing A diagnostic procedure to evaluate share mobility and muscle strength.
Sarcopenia The loss of muscle mass, strength, and role that come v aging.
shin splint A painful condition caused through the tibialis anterior muscle tearing far from the tibia (shin bone).
Singultus Myoclonus of the diaphragm that causes the characteristics hiccup sound with each spasm; likewise known as hiccups.
spasmodic torticollis A stubborn neck as result of spasmodic contraction of the neck muscles the pull the head towards the influenced side; also known together wryneck.
Sphincter A ring-like muscle the tightly constricts the opening of a passageway.
Sprain An injury to a joint, such as an ankle, knee, or wrist, which typically occurs once a ligament is wrenched or torn.
Tenodesis The surgical suturing that the finish of a tendon come a bone.
Tenolysis The release of a tendon from adhesions; also known as tendolysis.
Tenorrhaphy The surgical suturing with each other of the separated ends the a tendon.
Tenosynovitis An inflammation that the sheath bordering a tendon.

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