Write and balance the equation for the reaction of hydrochloric mountain (H2SO4) and sodium hydroxide to produce sodium sulfate and also water.

The well balanced equation for the reaction of H2SO4 and sodium hydroxide that produces sodium sulfate and water is H2SO4 + 2(NaOH) -----> Na2SO4 + 2(H2O).

You are watching: Sodium hydroxide and sulfuric acid equation


Who are the experts?Our certified Educators are actual professors, teachers, and also scholars who usage their scholastic expertise to tackle her toughest questions. Educators go v a rigorous application process, and also every prize they send is the evaluation by our in-house editorial team.


*

First, we should recognize that the formula (H2SO4) is not hydrochloric acid. The root "chlor" in "hydochloric acid" dptcouncil.net the existence of chlorine, i m sorry is not existing in H2SO4. Hydrochloric mountain is HCl. H2SO4 is sulfuric acid.

We need to combine sulfuric acid and sodium hydroxide to create sodium...


Start your 48-hour totally free trial to unlock this answer and also thousands more. Enjoy ptcouncil.net ad-free and also cancel anytime.


First, we must recognize that the formula (H2SO4) is not hydrochloric acid. The source "chlor" in "hydochloric acid" dptcouncil.net the presence of chlorine, i beg your pardon is not existing in H2SO4. Hydrochloric acid is HCl. H2SO4 is sulfuric acid.

We require to integrate sulfuric acid and also sodium hydroxide to create sodium sulfate and water.

H2SO4 + NaOH ----> Na2SO4 + H2O

This is the skeleton equation; it mirrors us what the reactants and also products are, however not your coefficients, i.e. How countless of every molecule we require to finish the reaction.

In order to balance the equation, the variety of atoms have to be precisely the very same on both sides. Currently, top top the reactant side we have:

3H, 1S, 5O, 1Na

And top top the reactant side us have:

2H, 1S, 5O, 2Na

The sodium atoms and also the hydrogen atom don"t match. Balance the salt first. It"s commonly much less complicated if you conserve hydrogen and also oxygen because that last. Come balance the sodium, we need to increase the variety of sodium hydroxide molecule in the reactants:

H2SO4 + 2(NaOH) ----> Na2SO4 + H2O

Now we have 4H, 1S, 6O, 2Na and also 2H, 1S, 5O, 2Na.

See more: Does Ross Lynch Dye His Hair Like We Thought!, True Or False Did Ross Die His Hair Blonde

Everything matches other than the hydrogen and oxygen in the products. Fortunately we"re absent exactly 2 hydrogens and 1 oxygen: one H2O molecule.