Consider the following figure. It shows that a single amino mountain substitution ______.

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may transform a protein so the it no longer functions properly

If one strand the a DNA twin helix has the sequence GTCCAT, what is the succession of the other strand?

CAGGTA

The region of DNA wherein RNA synthesis starts is the ______.

Promoter

How numerous nucleotides consist of a codon?

three

Examine the hereditary code table, presented below. The codon AGC codes for the amino acid ______.

serine

If adenine makes up 20% the the bases in a DNA twin helix, what percent the the bases space guanine?

30%

The correct sequence of events emerging during transcription is ______.

initiation, elongation, termination

The express (coding) areas of eukaryotic gene are referred to as ______.

Exons

How plenty of amino acids are usual to all living systems?

20

The backbone of DNA is composed of ______.

a repeating sugar-phosphate-sugar-phosphate pattern

Mad cow condition is led to by

infectious proteins called prions.

After replication, ______.

each new DNA dual helix is composed of one old strand and also one brand-new strand

Peptide bonds type between ______.

amino acids

Where is translation accomplished?

ribosomes

Translation counter the info stored in ______ come ______.

RNA . . . A polypeptide

What protects mRNA from strike by moving enzymes?

a cap and also tail

The DNA codon AGT codes for an amino acid lugged by a tRNA v the anticodon ______.

AGU

The shared hereditary code of all life on planet is evidence that ______.

all life share a common ancestry

The modern phrasing the Beadle and also Tatum’s hypothesis around relationships in between genes and also their assets is "one gene-one ______."

Polypeptide

If a strand the DNA has the succession AAGCTC, transcription will an outcome in a(n) ______.

single RNA strand through the sequence UUCGAG

DNA and RNA room polymers composed of ______ monomers.

Nucleotide

The RNA that is translated into a polypeptide is ______ RNA.

Messenger

What type of chemical bond join the bases of complementary DNA strands?

hydrogen

RNA has the nitrogenous base ______ rather of ______, i m sorry is only found in DNA.

uracil . . . Thymine

Evidence because that the spiral nature of DNA come from ______.

X-ray crystallography studies

A mutation in ~ a gene that will certainly insert a premature avoid codon in mRNA would certainly ______.

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result in a reduce polypeptide chain

What is the ultimate source of all diversity?

Mutation

The figure below shows the flow of genetic information in a eukaryotic bio cell. The transport of info from DNA right into an RNA molecule is known as ______.

Transcription

Thymine and also cytosine different from adenine and also guanine in that

thymine and also cytosine are solitary ring structure, conversely, adenine and guanine are twin ring structure