Key Points

The Gupta empire flourished under Chandragupta II, but began to falter under his son, Kumaragupta, and grandson, Skandagupta.The Huna People, additionally known as Huns, invaded Gupta territory and caused far-reaching damage to the empire.The Gupta realm ended in 550 CE, once it disintegrated into local kingdoms after ~ a collection of weak rulers and also invasions from the east, west, and also north.

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A main Asian Xionite people that included four hordes the repeatedly got into Gupta territory, and helped reason the downfall the the Gupta Empire.


Son the Kumaragupta I; the emperor the the Gupta empire from c. 455-467 CE.

Kumaragupta I

Son that Chandragupta II; the emperor the the Gupta empire from c. 415-455 CE.

Chandragupta II

The emperor that the Gupta dynasty of ancient India from c. 380-415 CE.

The Gupta empire flourished, in military and also territorial conquests as well as social and scholastic advancements, during the regime of Emperor Chandragupta II. However the doing well rulers, start with Kumaragupta I and also then Skandagupta, looked after the eventual finish of the Gupta realm through armed forces defeats, devalued money and withering leadership.


In 415 CE, Chandragupta II was thrived by his second son, Kumaragupta I, that ruled efficiently until 455 CE. The late years that his reign, however, confronted difficulties. The Pushyamitras, a people of central India, increased up in rebellion versus Kumaragupta, if Gupta regions were invaded by the western Huna people, likewise known as White Huns.

Kumaragupta defeated both groups and also celebrated his success by performing the royal Vedic routine of Ashwamedha, or steed sacrifice, which had actually previously been performed through his grandfather, Emperor Samudragupta, come celebrate his own an excellent military victories.


Coin the Kumaragupta I. A silver- coin indigenous the regime of Gupta Emperor Kumaragupta I, c. 415-455 CE.

As his grandfather and father did before him, Kumaragupta also issued news coins to mark his reign. They to be stamped with pictures of his namesake god, mr Kumara, regarded by Hindus together Regent of Earth.


Upon Kumaragupta’s death in 455 CE, his son, Skandagupta, assumed the throne and ruled until c. 467 CE. The is considered the last of the good Gupta rulers prior to the fallen of the empire.

Skandagupta, who was commemorated as a an excellent warrior because that his victorious clashes with the Huns throughout his father’s reign, beat several rebellions and external risks from the Huna people, significantly an intrusion in 455 CE. Back victorious, the costs of the wars against the Hunas drained the empire’s resources. The value of the coinage issued under Skandagupta coming to be severely reduced.


Coin the Skandagupta. A coin emblazoned v the image of Gupta empire Emperor Skandagupta, who ruled c. 455-467 CE.

The Huna and Gupta’s Demise

The Huna were a main Asian Xionite tribe that consisted of four hordes: north Huna, additionally known together the black Huns; southern Huna, the Red Huns; eastern Huna, the Celestial Huns; and also the White Huns, the western Huna. The White Huns, those who attacked the Gupta Empire throughout the power of Kumaragupta, were additionally known as the Hephthalites, and also caused good damage come the failing Gupta Empire. Skandagupta passed away in 467 CE, and also was adhered to onto the throne by his half-brother, Purugupta, who ruled indigenous 467-473 CE.

Thereafter came a sequence of weak kings, start with Kumaragupta II from 473-476 CE, adhered to by Budhagupta, the kid of Purugupta. The Hephthalites broke through the Gupta army defenses in the northwest in the 480s, throughout the power of Budhagupta, and by 500 CE lot of the empire in northwest to be overrun by the Huna.

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The empire thereafter broke down into numerous regional kingdoms, rule by chieftains. A minor line of the Gupta Clan ongoing to ascendancy Magadha, among the 16 Indian Mahajanapadas, or “Great Countries,” however the Gupta realm fell by 550 CE.