IntroductionThe executive branch has grown with time to satisfy the changing needs the the country. In this lesson, you will certainly learn around one component of the executive, management branch: the Cabinet, which likewise are known as the executive departments.

You are watching: The head of a department is called the


What space the executive departments?There room 15 executive departments that bring out lot of the work of the federal government. Two thirds that the federal government"s civilian workforce is work by the executive, management departments. A secretary, aided through a deputy secretary, leads every department, except the room of Justice. The Attorney basic leads this department.
The executive, management departments are comprised of smaller units called bureaus, offices, services, or divisions. These units carry out the day-to-day occupational of the department. These offices are no all in Washington, D.C. They are found throughout the nation wherever lock are essential to serve the people. The room of Agriculture, for example, has actually offices in every state to help farmers and also consumers. The Food and also Nutrition business provides food stamps and also maintains the institution lunch program. These programs do food available to those in need.The executive, management departments were actually developed by Congress end time. The duties of every department reflect the problems of the period and the concerns that the nation faced when each department was created.
The departments vary in size. The room of Defense is the largest. It has an ext than 700,000 civilian workers and more than 1.4 million men and also women in uniform. The room of homeland Security, developed in 2002, is the newest.What brand-new departments execute you think will be produced in the twenty-first century?
Which smaller unit in the executive branch gives food stamps and maintains the school lunch program?
What is the Cabinet?The President has a group of advisors referred to as the Cabinet. The cabinet is not discussed in the Constitution. That came about to to fill a need and also has grown end time. Room members meet with the President as a group to do top-level decisions.The cabinet is comprised of the heads of the 15 executive, management departments. This department heads, or secretaries, room appointed by the President. However, the Senate must provide each appointment. Because 1789, the Senate has actually only rejected 12 cabinet nominees that Presidents.
How are Cabinet members chosen?A member of the President"s cabinet must have actually knowledge and experience. The Secretary that Agriculture, for example, might be a farmer or have a elevator in farming. The Secretary of the Treasury should have experience in the civilization of finance.Most of the members of the cabinet come indigenous the President"s party. The president selects members native all throughout the country. For example, the Secretary of agriculture usually comes from the Midwest. Attention groups additionally influence the President"s choices.

See more: 45 Is What Percent Of 60 ? Convert Fraction (Ratio) 45 / 60 Answer: 75%


The president considers abilities, experience, race, and also gender in choosing the heads of departments. In the past, Presidents did not think about race, ethnicity, or sex in do selections. It to be not until 1933 that Frances T. Perkins came to be the first female cabinet member. She to be the Secretary that Labor. Robert C. Weaver was the very first African American appointed to the Cabinet. He was selected by lindon Johnson in 1966. George W. Bush, invoice Clinton, and also Barack Obama all appointed several women and also people that different cultural backgrounds to their Cabinets.
How does the process of picking Cabinet secretaries reflect checks and also balances in the government?

*

*

*