Have you ever got perplexed that hay and está both translate into “is”? those the difference? as soon as do you usage one and when the other? exactly how to use them in a sentence? Is there any type of formula for hay in ptcouncil.net that could help?

If these are the inquiries you’ve been asking yourself, you’ll finally uncover out the answers.

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After analysis this article, girlfriend will never ever doubt again between hay in ptcouncil.net and also está. those more, you’ll have the ability to see your development yourself by act a short quiz in the end.

Do you want to try?

Hay in ptcouncil.net – The meaning and Usage

Before I start explaining what hay in ptcouncil.net way and how to use it, have actually a look at at this examples:

Hay un gato en mi jardín.There is a cat in my garden.

Hay tres gatos en mi jardín.There room three cats in mine garden.


I guess you currently figured out the translation, didn’t you? Yes, hay ptcouncil.net way both “there is” and also “there are”.

Hay is an impersonal form of haber (to be, come have). “Impersonal” method that it never alters no issue the sex or variety of the noun that complies with it. So you can forget because that a while about gender and number agreement, and the link endings and learn the simple part.

In the sentences over I used them with a singular noun (un gato), and plural noun (tres gatos). In no one of the cases, I recognize the pets that are in my garden. I simply acknowledge your existence.

If I’m no sure around the exact number of these not very familiar animals, i could likewise say:

Hay gatos en mi jardín.There are cats in my garden.


Hay unos gatos en mi jardín.There room some cats in mine garden.

Keep these sentences in mind as I will certainly come ago to them later.

Hay in ptcouncil.net in various tenses

When you desire to use hay in ptcouncil.net in various other tenses, for example, to say “there was” or “there will certainly be”, you’ll additionally have to find out one impersonal form for every tense. No conjugation tables this time!

Let’s save it basic and continue to be with the cats.

The an example of an example tense

The impersonal type for hay in the an easy past it is too dirty in ptcouncil.net is hubo.

Hubo un gato en mi jardín.There was a cat in my garden.

Hubo tres gatos en mi jardín.There were three cats in my garden.

The imperfect tense

Hay in the imperfect it is too dirty in ptcouncil.net turns right into había.

Había un gato en mi jardín.There to be a cat in my garden.

Había tres gatos en mi jardín.There were three cats in my garden.

If you want to learn a difference between the two past ptcouncil.net tenses, examine out “Preterite vs Imperfect: A Beginner’s guide to the previous Tense in ptcouncil.net.”

The straightforward future it is too dirty

In the future simple tense, girlfriend will usage habrá.

Habrá un gato en mi jardín.There will certainly be a cat in my garden.

Habrá tres gatos en mi jardín.There will certainly be three cats in mine garden.

If you desire to update your expertise on the future tense in ptcouncil.net, read “The Future an easy Tense in ptcouncil.net: el Futuro simple.”

Hay vs Estar – what’s the difference


Some beginning of the person learners tend to confused hay with está. It’s common if the happens, but you can easily understand the difference between these 2 verbs.


Let’s evaluation it one an ext time. Hay in English translates right into “There is” or “there are”. And also we use it to talk around the visibility of other or someone.

In the sentences with Hay, the verb goes first and the noun follows.

Hay + noun

Then, you deserve to put indefinite short articles or numbers prior to the noun. Mind that you can not put any type of definite write-up before the noun.

Hay un gato. (There is a cat.)

Hay gatos. (There space cats.)

Hay tres gatos. (There are three cats.)

Hay unos gatos. (There space some cats.)

If you want to add the place, you deserve to put it one of two people at the beginning of the sentence or in ~ the end. Follow these sentence structures:

Hay + noun + placePlace + hay + noun

Hence, you have the right to say:

Hay un gato en mi jardín.There is a cat in my garden.


En mi jardín hay un gato.In my garden, there is a cat.


Estar (to be) is a verb the you conjugate as other verbs and also its ending alters with every grammatical person. Está means “(it) is” and están means “they) are”. We usage it not to talk around the existence but the ar of people or things.

The formula come use with estar is likewise different:

Definite short article (el, la, los, las) + noun + está / están + place

For example:

El gato está en el jardín.The cat is in the garden.

Los gatos están en el jardín.The cats are in the garden.

When you find things and also object through the verb estar you recognize who you’re talking about, thus you usage the definite articles.

Let me show you both hay and also estar in an easy dialogue.

-¿Hay una farmacía por aquí?-Sí hay algunas cerca. Por ejemplo, la farmacia “Dr. John” está en la esquina.

-Is there a pharmacy about here?-Yes, there space some nearby. For example, the pharmacy “Dr. John” is ~ above the corner.

The an initial person is asking about an visibility of a pharmacy. The 2nd person acknowledges the existence of part pharmacies surrounding and specifically locates one of them.

Is it clearer now? Hopefully, yes.

Hay in ptcouncil.net – typical Phrases

You can frequently come throughout the hay in ptcouncil.net in part expressions you use nearly daily.

Hay que

This expression introduces obligation–One must. It can be because that the speaker and whoever accompanies him or a basic obligation:

Hay que apurarnos.We have to hurry.

Hay que inscribirse antes del sábado.You must register prior to Saturday.

Aquí, hay que caminar con cuidado.Here, you need to walk carefully.


No hay de que

No hay de que is another way of speak de nada (you’re welcome). Next time, once somebody many thanks you because that something you have the right to use try using this one.

-Gracias por traerme aquí.-No hay de que.

-Thanks for bringing me here.-You’re welcome.

¿Qué hay de nuevo?

Do you want a catchy phrase to greet a friend? instead of simply saying Hola, ¿cómo estás? you can say ¿Qué hay de nuevo? definition “what’s new?”, “what’s up?”.

-Hola Juan. ¿Qué hay de nuevo?-Hola Pedro, Nada, todo bien. ¿Y tú, ¿qué tal?

-Hello Juan. Those new?-Hi Pedro. Nothing, every good. And also what around you?

Hay sol / Lluvia / Nieve

You can additionally use hay come talk around meteorological conditions. If the sunny, say—hay sol. If that rainy, say—hay lluvia.

-¿Qué tiempo hace ahora en Cancún?-Ahora hay sol pero por la tarde habrá lluvia.

-What’s the weather currently in Cancun?-Now, the sunny yet it will rain in the afternoon.

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Prove she a master of Hay in ptcouncil.net- Quiz


Let’s see if currently you recognize what hay method in ptcouncil.net and when to use está instead. Try yourself in this multiple-choice quiz and also remember there’s only one exactly translation because that each English sentence.