Japanese particles か (ka) and も (mo) can combine with the question words to kind other words in Japanese.

You are watching: What does ka mean in japanese

So far you have currently known the the question words for "what", "who" and also "where" in Japanese room なに (nani), だれ (dare) and どこ (doko) respectively.

If you add the Japanese bit か (ka) to なに (nani), だれ (dare) and どこ (doko), the Japanese words for "something" - なにか (nanika), "someone" - だれか (dareka) and "somewhere" - どこか (dokoka) are developed respectively.


When friend are creating sentences through the above 3 words, several of them require particle while some carry out not require. The preeminence is together follow...


What go the over rule mean? Let"s use some instances to show.

"Something" - なにか (nanika)

Usually as soon as you are asking something utilizing the question word なに (nani)...

Question: あなたはなに  のみますか。anata wa nani wo nomimasu kaMeaning: What room you going come drink? (The speaker currently know that the listener desires to drink something)Answer: わたしはコーヒー のみます。watashi wa ko-hi- wo nomimasuMeaning: I will drink coffee.

However if you are to usage "something" なにか (nanika) in the above question...

Question: あなたは なにか のみますか。anata wa nanika nomimasu kaMeaning: are you going come drink something? (The speak does not know if the listener desires to drink or not)Answer: はい、 わたしはなにかのみます。 コーヒーを のみます。hai, watashi wa nanika nomimasu. Ko-hi- wo nomimasuMeaning: Yes, I will certainly drink something. I will drink coffee.

You deserve to see that when using the word "something" なにか (nanika) in the above question, you do not require the Japanese bit を (wo), and also the inquiry becomes a Yes/No inquiry (question calls for you come answer correctly or no).

When comment the over question, you have the right to omit the component on "I will drink something". You simply need to say what you room going come drink.

"Someone" - だれか (dareka)

Similarly if you room asking something utilizing the question word だれ (dare)...

Question: きょうしつにだれ  いますか。kyoushitsu ni dare ga imasu kaMeaning: that exist in the classroom? (The speaker already knows that someone is in the classroom)Answer: きょうしつにせんせい います。kyoushitsu ni sensei ga imasuMeaning: Teacher is in the classroom.

However if you are to usage "someone" だれか (dareka) in the above question...

Question: きょうしつに だれか いますか。kyoushitsu ni dareka imasu kaMeaning: Is over there someone in the classroom? (The speak does not understand if over there is who in the class or not)Answer: はい、きょうしつにせんせい が います。hai, kyoushitsu ni sensei ga imasuMeaning: Yes, teacher is in the classroom.

When you room using words "someone" だれか (dareka) in the over question, you execute not need the Japanese fragment が (ga), and the concern becomes a Yes/No question.

"Somewhere" - どこか (dokoka)

If you room asking something utilizing the question word どこ (doko)...

Question: あしたどこ  いきますか。ashita doko e ikimasu kaMeaning: Where are you walk tomorrow? (The speaker currently know the the listener is walking somewhere)Answer: あしたがっこう いきます。ashita gakkou e ikimasuMeaning: i am going to school tomorrow.

However if you are to usage "somewhere" どこか (dokoka) in the over question...

Question: あした どこか へ いきますか。ashita dokoka e ikimasu kaMeaning: room you going what tomorrow? (The speaker does not understand if the listener is going out or not)Answer: はい、あしたがっこう いきます。hai, ashita gakkou e ikimasuMeaning: Yes, ns am walking to college tomorrow.
*

As you deserve to see, various from "something" and also "someone", even when you are using "somewhere" どこか (dokoka) in the over question, friend still need the Japanese particle へ (e), and the question has become a Yes/No inquiry too.

All the over examples have displayed whether Japanese particles are compelled when friend are forming sentences using the indigenous "something", "something" and also "somewhere".


Question Words v Japanese fragment も (mo)

Instead of adding the particle か (ka), if you add the bit も (mo) to なに (nani), だれ (dare) and どこ (doko), the Japanese words for "nothing" - なにも (nanimo), "nobody" - だれも (daremo) and "nowhere" - どこPも (doko ns mo) are developed respectively.

When girlfriend are forming sentences with the above 3 words, some of them require fragment while some carry out not.

And every these 3 words need to be used in addition to the negative form sentences. The ascendancy is as follow...


Question native + も + negative form
FormationMeaningRequire particle?
なに + an adverse formnothingNo
だれ + negative formnobodyNo
どこ (Particle) + negative formnowhereYes


However, if どこも (dokomo) is offered (without the particle) together with positive form sentence, it have the right to mean the contrary - "everywhere" or "anywhere". The preeminence is...


Again let"s usage some examples to display what the over rules mean...

"Nothing" - なにも (nanimo)

Question: あなたは なにか のみますか。anata wa nanika nomimasu kaMeaning: are you going to drink something?Answer: いいえ、<わたしは> なにも のみません。iie, nanimo nomimasenMeaning: No, I will certainly drink nothing.

As you have the right to see indigenous the above answer, when you are using the word "nothing" なにも (nanimo), you execute not require the Japanese particle を (wo) and also the sentence must be in an adverse form.

The square parentheses < > shows that the words inside the bracket space optional.

"Nobody" - だれも (daremo)

When you room using words "nobody" だれも (daremo)...

Question: きょうしつに だれか いますか。kyoushitsu ni dareka imasu kaMeaning: Is over there someone in the classroom?Answer: いいえ、<きょうしつ には> だれも いません。iie, niwa> daremo imasenMeaning: No, there is nobody in the classroom.

When you are using words "nobody" だれも (daremo) in the above answer, you execute not require the Japanese fragment が (ga) and the sentence have to be in an adverse form.

"Nowhere" - どこ + bit + も (doko fragment mo)

When you are using the word "nowhere" どこ + particle + も (doko bit mo)...

Question: あした どこか へいきますか。ashita dokoka e ikimasu kaMeaning: space you going what tomorrow?Answer: いいえ、<あした > どこへも いきません。iie, wa> dokoemo ikimasenMeaning: No, ns am going nowhere tomorrow.
*

As you have the right to see from the above answer, when you are using the word "nowhere" どこ + fragment + も (doko fragment mo), friend still need the Japanese particle へ (e) (in this case), and the sentence have to be in an unfavorable form.

"Everywhere" - どこも (dokomo) + hopeful form

Note that どこも (dokomo) deserve to mean "everywhere" or "anywhere" if it"s used along with positive type sentence.

どこも こんでいます。dokomo konde imasuMeaning: all over is crowded.ホテルは どこも よやくでいっぱいです。hoteru wa dokomo yoyaku de ippai desuMeaning: The hotels were all booked.

If you want to know much more about Japanese particles, i recommend you acquire one of these publications on particles.

Related Pages

Lesson 11: Particles.

Lesson 14: Particles readjust in negative Answers.

Lesson 16: corpuscle to and de.

Lesson 24: particles wa and also ga.

Lesson 27: particle to for Quotation.

Intermediate great 14: bit ga because that Introduction.

Intermediate lesson 18: bit de with more functions.


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