Moose (Alces alces) room the worlds largest deer types and are uncovered in northern forests in north America, Europe, and Russia. In phibìc America, the moose selection includes almost all of Canada, most of central and west Alaska, the upper Rocky Mountains and Michigan’s top Peninsula. In 1978 a few breeding pairs were introduced in western Colorado and also the claims moose populace is now more than 1,000 individuals.

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In Europe, moose are discovered in huge numbers throughout northern european countries. Moose are additionally widespread v Russia. Small populations stay in Poland and also Belarus. In 2008 moose were reintroduced in come the Scottish Highlands in the united Kingdom. Over there are five subspecies the moose:

European moose (Alces alces alces) northern Europe. Eastern moose (Alces alces americana) east Canada and also northeastern unified States. Western moose (Alces alces anderson) western Canada. Siberian moose (Alces alces cameloides) east Siberia, Mongolia and Manchuria. Alaska moose (Alces alces gigas) Alaska and Yukon. Shiras moose (Alces alces shirasi) Wyoming

Moose Description

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An adult moose stands around 6 – 7 feet (1.8 – 2.1 metres) in ~ shoulder height. Masculine moose sweet 380 – 720 kilograms (850 – 1580 pounds) and females sweet 270 – 360 kilograms (600 – 800 pounds). Moose colouring varies from brown come a dusty black depending upon the season and also age that the animal. Calves are regularly a light rusty colour.

Moose have long legs with the front pair being longer than the hind pair. They have a lengthy snout, a droopy bottom lip, brief tail and also a hump on their shoulders. Moose have actually a flap that skin favor a waddle beneath your chin that is referred to as a ‘bell’ or ‘dewlap’. Each of that feet has two big hoofed toes and also two smaller toes. Moose deserve to move fast, also when it is wet and also muddy. The two huge toes on your hooves spread wide apart to store the pet from sinking.

Moose Antlers

Only male moose have antlers. The reindeer and also caribou space the only deer types in i m sorry both the male and also female have actually antlers.


The large palmate antlers the a mature male moose measure in between 1.2 metres (3.9 feet) and also 1.5 metres (4.9 feet) wide. The smallest kind of moose is the european moose (Alces alces alces), i m sorry weighs 350 kilograms (770 pounds) in males and 310 kilograms (683 pounds) in females. The male moose will drop that antlers ~ the adjustment season and also conserve energy for the winter. Their antlers regrow in the spring. Antlers take 3 to 5 month to totally develop, make them one of the faster growing pet organs. Castle initially have a great of skin dubbed ‘felt’ or ‘velvet’ i beg your pardon is shed once the antlers become totally grown.

Young masculine moose may not burned their antlers for the winter, yet retain them until the complying with spring. The first pair that antlers top top a young moose flourish from two tiny bump on their head that room there from birth. The key purpose of antlers is for display screen during the mating season and also dominance in ~ the herd.

Moose Habitat

Moose typically inhabit boreal and mixed deciduous forests in temperate to below arctic climates.

Moose Diet

Moose are large even-toed herbivorous mammals which feed up on birch and also aspen twigs, horsetail, sedges, roots, pond weeds and grasses. Moose eat leaves, twigs, buds and the bark of some woody plants, and lichens, aquatic plants and some of the taller herbaceous land plants. Moose deserve to be viewed eating during the day and night, but they room usually the end at dawn and dusk. Moose have the right to actually feed under water.

Moose Behaviour

Moose are mostly diurnal animals. Castle are normally solitary with the the strongest bonds being in between mother and calf. 2 individuals have the right to sometimes be discovered feeding follow me the same stream. The males space polygamous and will seek several females to breed with. Teams or herds are generally seen during reproduction season and also may only contain two adults. Every group, to be possible, would certainly occupy one area the 300 – 600 hectares.

A moose have the right to run 35 miles every hour and also can conveniently swim 10 miles. Moose will certainly lie in shallow water to gain away from biting insects or come cool off. Their tails space too short to swish the paris away. Moose are able to kick out in every directions, however, they generally use your front feet to defend themselves. Moose have bad eyesight and also rely on their keen sense of smell. Often, when they room eating, moose will simply suddenly stop and also listen to check out if they have the right to hear any kind of threats.

You can tell when a moose might strike if the long hairs top top its hump room raised and its ears space laid back. A moose may likewise lick that lips.

Some populaces of moose (particularly in Europe) migrate.

Moose Reproduction

Moose reproduction season wake up in September and October. Throughout this time both male and also female moose will call to every other. Males develop heavy grunting sound that deserve to be heard from approximately 500 metres far while females create a wail-like sound. Males will fight for accessibility to females. The larger moose usually wins and also the smaller moose retreats. Lock may engage in war that can turn quite violent.

Female moose have actually an 8 month gestation period. Most litters consists a solitary calf, however, twins are not uncommon. The young space unable to walk because that a couple of days. By the time they are 2 mainly old they room able to walk about with their mother and also search for food. Through autumn, the calves stop suckling their mothers milk. The calves stay with the mother for around a year, until she is prepared to offer birth to new calves.

A full-grown moose has few enemies, however, a fill of wolves can still be a threat, especially to females with calves. Moose will occasionally stand their ground and also defend us by charging in ~ the wolf or lashing out at them through their an effective hooves. The life span of a moose is about 15 – 25 years.

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Moose preservation Status

Moose space not currently threatened, in spite of being hunted. Some have been domesticated for milk and also meat.