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The Clinton/Gore Administration: brand-new Efforts to Fight Sweatshops and also Child Labor around the civilization & put A an ext Human face on the global Economy

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The Clinton/Gore Administration: brand-new Efforts to Fight Sweatshops and also Child Labor approximately the people & placed A an ext Human confront on the global EconomyTuesday, January 16, 2001TODAY SECRETARY SUMMERS, ALBRIGHT, HERMAN, & NATIONAL financial ADVISOR SPERLING will ANNOUNCE brand-new ADMINISTRATION efforts TO hit SWEATSHOPS & child LABOR. As component of the Clinton/Gore Administration"s recurring commitment to the improvement of functioning standards around the world, the departments of Treasury and also State will certainly announce two new initiatives to safeguard workers, children, and also families indigenous abusive and also unfair labor practices. This two new initiatives represent necessary milestones in the President"s management on anti-child labor and sweatshop efforts, and will aid strengthen the kind of an international partnerships among governments, international organizations, and the private sector crucial to placed a an ext human face on the an international economy.THE CLINTON/GORE administration WILL today ANNOUNCE this particular day 2 vital INITIATIVES:

U.S. CUSTOMS organization ADVISORY ON forced CHILD LABOR. The room of Treasury and also the U.S. Customs service have ready an Advisory on forced Child job to assist importers, manufacturers, retailers, and other enterprise identify items that may be developed with required or indentured child labor. The Advisory, developed in participation with the Advisory Committee on international Child job Enforcement, will certainly facilitate spontaneous compliance by describing the varieties of functioning conditions and indicators that might signal the visibility of required or indentured child labor. The Advisory will:

Describe the varieties of working problems that signal the existence of required or indentured boy labor.Present 2 sets the indicators, "red flags" and also "yellow flags," the importers and also others deserve to use in seeking to identify whether particular merchandise is likely to it is in prohibited from importation on the grounds the it was created with compelled or indentured kid labor.

DEPARTMENT that STATE ANTI-SWEATSHOP INITIATIVE. The room of State will provide $3.9 million in grants to support personal sector initiatives to get rid of abusive functioning conditions and protect the health, safety, and also rights of workers overseas. This brand-new Anti-Sweatshop initiative will support innovative methods to combat sweatshop conditions in abroad factories that produce goods for the U.S. Market. Five non-governmental and international organizations received end $3 million, and the U.S. Firm for International development will administer secondary $600,000 for smaller sized grants in assistance of promising strategies to remove abusive labor problems worldwide. Today"s grants to be awarded to:

Social Accountability international will get $1 million come implement its society Accountability 8000 standard, i beg your pardon promotes person rights in the workplace.The American center for global Labor Solidarity will be vested $962,801 to implement jobs for the promotion of and also adherence to job rights and also standards in central America and the Philippines.The Fair job Association, a coalition of apparel and footwear manufacturers and consumer, human and labor legal rights groups, will be vested $750,000 to establish and also maintain a roster of accredited exterior monitors roughly the world.The international Labor organization will receive $496,974 for research on the management systems used by multinationals to guarantee compliance through their company"s labor standards.The global Labor legal rights Fund"s will certainly be forgive $152,880 Anti-Sweatshop come raise awareness and promote viable options to sexual harassment in the workplace.PRESIDENT CLINTON has MADE AMERICA A LEADER IN working TO prevent ABUSIVE boy LABOR and SWEATSHOPS about THE WORLD. Under chairman Clinton"s leadership, the united States has been the international leader in advocating the development of functioning standards approximately the human being including initiatives to hit sweatshops and abusive kid labor. Chairman Clinton"s crucial actions include:

Calling because that the remove of abusive son labor is his last 3 State that the Union addresses and also becoming the an initial U.S. Chairman to resolve the global Labor company (ILO) conference;

Leading the global campaign in the adoption of ILO Convention 182 to eliminate the worst forms of kid labor;

Making the U.S, the world"s biggest contributor to the global Program because that the removed of child Labor (IPEC), and also since 1995, resources projects to stop or eliminate some 225,000 kids in Africa, Asia and also Latin America indigenous dangerous or abusive work in many, and prostitution and also domestic service.

Bringing with each other a varied group of manufacturers, customer groups, labor and also rights organizations, and universities to type the Apparel market Partnership, the precursor to the fair Labor company � a coalition specialized to ensuring that commodities purchased by American consumers were no made in sweatshops overseas.

BUILDING top top THIS RECORD, THE CLINTON/GORE administration HAS an ext THAN DOUBLED sources TO COMBAT ABUSIVE kid LABOR IN THE 2001 BUDGET:

President Clinton has much more than doubled resources from last year"s level that $45 million to $92 million in FY 2001 to aid eliminate abusive boy labor around the world. This $92 million appointment includes:

A 50% rise in the U.S. Contribution to the ILO"s global Program for the elimination of boy Labor (IPEC) � come $45 million.$37 million in brand-new funding because that targeted bilateral educational aid to encourage school rather than work in nations where exploitative kid labor is prevalent.

Doubling � come $10 million � Customs service resources come enforce the half on the importation of goods made with forced or indentured child labor, denying such products access to the financially rewarding U.S. Marketplace.

THE problem OF ABUSIVE child LABOR

The ILO estimates that there room at the very least 250 million functioning children in between the ages of five and also 14 in arising countries -- about fifty percent of them work-related full-time and do not attend school.

Tens the millions of children work under really hazardous and abusive conditions. Approximately the world, young children in their developmental years are exposed come hazardous conditions, including toxic and also carcinogenic building materials in manufacturing, dangerous conditions in mines and on sea fishing platforms, and also backbreaking physical labor.

Some children labor in bondage, space sold right into prostitution, or room indentured to manufacturers, working versus debts for earnings so low the they will never be repaid.

The majority (61 percent) of the working kids are discovered in Asia, followed by Africa (32 percent), and Latin America and the Caribbean (seven percent). While Asia, by much the many populous region, has the highest number of child workers, Africa, the poorest region, has the highest proportion of kid workers, through 41 percent of its youngsters engaged in some type of financial activity.

DETAILS the THE customizeds ADVISORY ON forced CHILD LABORThe Treasury Department and also the U.S. Customs business today announced the issuance of an advisory intended come combat forced and also indentured boy labor. The advisory is plan to help importers, manufacturers, retailers, and other businesses involved in importing merchandise identify items that may be developed with forced or indentured kid labor.The Advisory, emerged in participation with the Advisory Committee on global Child labor Enforcement, will assist promote spontaneous compliance with son labor laws. The committee is consisted of of market representatives and also distinguished son labor professionals from the human rights and also worker rights communities.Abusive kid labor is one of the many serious worker and human rights concerns facing the human being trading community. Kid labor is endemic in numerous parts the the developing world; there are around 250 million boy workers worldwide. Ar 307 that the Tariff action of 1930 prohibits importing right into the United states merchandise produced in entirety or in component with prison, forced, or indentured labor under penal sanction, including compelled or indentured child labor. The United claims Customs organization is responsible for enforcing this prohibition.The Advisory defines the varieties of working problems that might signal the existence of forced or indentured kid labor. It presents two sets that indicators, "red flags" and "yellow flags," the importers and also others deserve to use in search to determine whether particular merchandise is likely to be prohibited from importation on the grounds the it was developed with forced or indentured child labor. The indicators track the sort of proof that the U.S. Customs business considers in determining even if it is merchandise have to be excluded.

"Red flags" are determinants that alone, or with other easily accessible information, strongly suggest that a supplier in a foreign country may be using compelled or indentured kid labor, or sourcing native a facility that does so. Red flags include slave job conditions; employment come discharge a blame or debt bond; jae won penalties because that absenteeism, production errors, refusal to occupational overtime, or young infractions, where such penalties get rid of wages or credits currently earned or create indebtedness that must be discharged; physics or sex-related abuse of boy workers in ~ the workplace; and employment of an extremely young children.

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"Yellow flags" room working problems or organization practices that, while not necessarily constituting straight evidence of forced or indentured boy labor, should produce suspicion on the component of importers that unfair or illegal labor practices, possibly including employment of compelled or indentured boy workers, can be involved, and warrant further serious inquiry and investigation. Yellow flags include work performed throughout unusual hours, together as early on morning or so late at night, or as soon as a child might be meant to it is in in school; poor and unhealthy working environment; violations of local laws and also regulations; employed in hazardous industries or under too much conditions; missing or changed employment records; and workers absent from operation workstations during on-site visits. When the Advisory is no exhaustive, it to represent U.S. Customs best effort to provide useful advice to businesses on just how to identify goods that may have been do with compelled or indentured son labor.

DETAILS OF department OF STATE ANTI-SWEATSHOP GRANTSFair job Association - $750, 000The Fair job Association (FLA) is a coalition that apparel and footwear companies and also human rights, labor rights and consumer proponents that represents creative strategy to address violations of worldwide recognized labor civil liberties in the apparel and also footwear industries. The FLA works v member companies to develop their own inner monitoring plans, which subsequently are reinforced and verified through a rigorous device of external monitoring. The Anti-Sweatshop funds will certainly be instrumental in enabling FLA come recruit, accredit, and maintain a diverse roster of outside monitors about the world.International Labor organization � $496,974The worldwide Labor organization (ILO) is a specialized agency of the United nations that functions to enhance labor conditions worldwide. Business and also labor representatives, as well as governments, get involved in the work. The ILO"s responsibilities encompass the adoption, promotion and supervised applications of formal global labor standards.Using commonwealth Anti-Sweatshop funds, the ILO will lug out a research project involving several multinational enterprises in ~ the corporate level and also their providers in developing countries. The study will examine what varieties of management systems are offered by multinational suppliers to assure compliance with their company"s labor standards (and throughout the company"s it is provided chain) and what is being done to exactly labor problems that are uncovered to be unsatisfactory.International job Rights money - $152,880The worldwide Labor Rights fund (ILRF) is a non-profit action and advocacy company which provides innovative way to encourage enforcement of global labor rights. The ILRF"s activities include research, publications, legal advocacy, and consumer campaigns. ILRF achieves that is policy objectives through joining in NGOs and also community based coalitions or advocacy groups.Sexual harassment is significantly viewed as a kind of violence against women in the workplace. Making use of federal Anti-Sweatshop funds, the ILRF with the aid of its regional partners will undertake a two-year job to promote enhanced awareness of and also viable remedies because that the trouble of sex-related harassment.Social Accountability global - $1,000,000Social Accountability worldwide (formerly the the supervisory board on economic Priorities Accreditation Agency) is a U.S.-based non-profit organization specialized to the development, implementation and also oversight that voluntary society accountability standards. The society Accountability 8000 (SA8000) typical promotes human rights in the workplace and also is based on internationally embraced United Nations and also International Labor company conventions.SAI will usage federal Anti-Sweatshop funds for public education and consultative projects related come the usage of the SA8000 standard, research study on and testing of society auditing approaches for ensuring compliance through SA8000, capacity structure for profession unions, NGOs, and also small- and medium-sized companies to get involved in audits and institutional advance and the promotion of multi-sector collaboration in society auditing.American facility for worldwide Labor Solidarity - $962,801The American facility for global Labor Solidarity (Solidarity Center) conducts program abroad specialized to the promo of and adherence to global labor rights and standards. Working with trade unions and also other native organizations, the Solidarity Center"s programs help facilitate dialogue among business, labor and also government leader to address workplace conditions and the development and innovation of legal frameworks, institutions and also practices for the enforcement of globally recognized worker rights. Using federal Anti-Sweatshop funds, the Solidarity center will implement jobs in both main American and the Philippines.The main American project, utilizing educational programs and union capacity building pilot projects, will occupational to improve the dominance of regulation through technical help programs noted to workers, federal government official and also academics. The Philippines project will carry out the unions and also NGOs through tools to do codes that conduct more effective v the building and construction of confirmation systems. This project will also enable unions come deepen their engagement with global Financial organizations (IFI) in order come ensure the IFI programs create jobs where workers labor in conditions of dignity.U.S. Company for International breakthrough (USAID) - $600,000Programs administered through the "Civil culture Strengthening Program" in the USAID"s global Bureau center for Democracy and also Governance room designed to breakthrough democratic processes worldwide including the promo of worker rights and also the removed of sweatshop labor.Federal Anti-Sweatshop funds will be offered to assistance a cooperative agreement that will provide little grants of between $25,000 and also $150,000 to support promising initiatives in the ar aimed at eliminating abusive labor problems in factories overseas developing goods for the U.S. Market. These Anti-Sweatshop initiatives will complement and also support other initiatives occurred by aboriginal NGOs, profession unions, private and public ar enterprises and also governments.

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