Magnesium fluoride stood for by the chemistry formula MgF2 or F2Mg that bears the IUPAC surname magnesium difluoride is a steady compound that is no hygroscopic as such and also slightly soluble in dilute acids (like nitric acid) however insoluble in alcohol. That is one ionic compound of magnesium and also fluorine and non-polar in gaseous phase <1, 8>. In UV irradiate it fluoresces violet <8>.
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Magnesium Fluoride Identification
|CAS Number||7783-40-6 <1>|
|PubChem CID||24546 <1>|
|ChemSpider ID||22952 <2>|
|EC Number||231-995-1 <3>|
How to do It
Magnesium fluoride is synthesized by a reaction in between magnesium oxide and ammonium bifluoride <8>.
MgO + (NH4)HF2 = MgF2 + NH3 + H2O
Magnesium Fluoride Formula
Properties and Characteristics of Magnesium Fluoride
|Molar mass/molecular weight||62.302 g/mol <1>|
|Color/appearance||White crystals <3>|
|Melting point/freezing point||1260°C, 2300°F <3>|
|Boiling point||2260°C, 4100°F <3>|
|Density||3.2 g cm-3 <3>|
|State of matter at room temperature (normal phase)||Solid <3>|
|Refractive index||1.4 <3>|
|Thermal conductivity||28 W/m-K <3>|
|Hardness (Mohs scale)||6 <10>|
|Specific warmth capacity||0.92 X 103 J/(kg.deg C) <10>|
|Solubility in water||No <3>|
|Crystal structure||Tetragonal <12>|
Magnesium Fluoride Structure
Lewis Dot and Cross Diagram for Magnesium Fluoride
Magnesium Fluoride UsesIn anti-reflective, multi-layer optical coatings top top glass <4>.As a durable material because that lenses that have the right to be provided in UV and also IR light eliminating birefringence <5>.MgF2 windows space widely provided in the deep and also vacuum UV regions. They room durable and also produce minimal aberrations <9>.
Is that Dangerous
The compound deserve to be acutely toxic if swallowed. That is a reason of severe eye, skin and also respiratory tract irritation. Therefore inhalation should be avoided <7>.
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Magnesium Fluoride (MgF2) Price
10 g of the inorganic compound flour costs about $15 <6>.
Limiting Reagent (Reactant)
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