Magnesium fluoride stood for by the chemistry formula MgF2 or F2Mg that bears the IUPAC surname magnesium difluoride is a steady compound that is no hygroscopic as such and also slightly soluble in dilute acids (like nitric acid) however insoluble in alcohol. That is one ionic compound of magnesium and also fluorine and non-polar in gaseous phase <1, 8>. In UV irradiate it fluoresces violet <8>.

You are watching: What is the formula for magnesium fluoride


*

Magnesium Fluoride


Magnesium Fluoride Identification

CAS Number7783-40-6 <1>
PubChem CID24546 <1>
ChemSpider ID22952 <2>
EC Number231-995-1 <3>

How to do It

Magnesium fluoride is synthesized by a reaction in between magnesium oxide and ammonium bifluoride <8>.

MgO + (NH4)HF2 = MgF2 + NH3 + H2O


*

Magnesium Fluoride Formula


Properties and Characteristics of Magnesium Fluoride

General Properties

Molar mass/molecular weight62.302 g/mol <1>

Physical Properties

Color/appearanceWhite crystals <3>
Melting point/freezing point1260°C, 2300°F <3>
Boiling point2260°C, 4100°F <3>
Density 3.2 g cm-3 <3>
State of matter at room temperature (normal phase)Solid <3>
Refractive index1.4 <3>
Thermal conductivity28 W/m-K <3>
Hardness (Mohs scale)6 <10>
Specific warmth capacity0.92 X 103 J/(kg.deg C) <10>

Chemical Properties

Solubility in waterNo <3>
pHN/A <11>

Atomic Properties

Crystal structureTetragonal <12>

*

Magnesium Fluoride Structure


*

Lewis Dot and Cross Diagram for Magnesium Fluoride


Magnesium Fluoride Uses

In anti-reflective, multi-layer optical coatings top top glass <4>.As a durable material because that lenses that have the right to be provided in UV and also IR light eliminating birefringence <5>.MgF2 windows space widely provided in the deep and also vacuum UV regions. They room durable and also produce minimal aberrations <9>.

Is that Dangerous

The compound deserve to be acutely toxic if swallowed. That is a reason of severe eye, skin and also respiratory tract irritation. Therefore inhalation should be avoided <7>.

See more: See What The Secret Life Of The American Teenager John Juergens

Magnesium Fluoride (MgF2) Price

10 g of the inorganic compound flour costs about $15 <6>.

References:


*

Limiting Reagent (Reactant)


Leave a reply Cancel reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are significant *