The process of naming compounds is simply a collection of rules. We"re walking to show you several of the basics. There space some advanced ways the naming points that we"re going to skip best now. Once you have two different elements, there space usually only two indigenous in the compound name. The very first word is the surname of the first element. The second word speak you the second element and also how plenty of atoms there space in the compound. The second word normally ends in IDE. That"s the suffix. As soon as you are working with non-metals favor oxygen (O) and chlorine (Cl), the prefix (section in ~ the start of the word) of the 2nd element changes based on how many atoms there space in the compound. It"s favor this...
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Do you notice anything around the chalkboard? You have the right to see that the prefixes space very similar to the prefixes the geometric shapes. You know what a triangle is. Right? well the prefix tri- means three. So as soon as you have actually three chlorine atoms, you would certainly name that trichloride.
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Look in ~ the other names too. You may know around a pentagon, a hexagon, or an octagon. The naming device in chemistry functions the very same way! Let"s placed these ideas together! Remember, we"re just talking about simple compounds through no metal elements. Most straightforward compounds only have actually two indigenous in their names. Let"s start with carbon monoxide (CO). The name speak you that you have one carbon (C) atom and one oxygen (O) atom (you can likewise use the prefix MONO to say one atom). Remember that the second word end in -ide. So...


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You must be obtaining the idea now. The compound name can tell you how many atoms room inside. Take a watch at few of the examples and see if you recognize what is keep going in the name.
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