Question: Most institutions prepare 4 financial statements for exterior reporting purposes: income statement, balance sheet, statement of owners’ equity, and statement of cash flows. Financial bookkeeping courses sheathe the an initial three declaration in detail and often provide an overview of the explain of cash flows. This thing will emphasis on preparing the declare of cash flows and also on making use of the result cash circulation information for analytical purposes. What details is noted in the explain of cash flows?
Answer: The declare of cash flowsA financial statement that provides cash receipt and also cash payment information and explains the adjust in cash for a period of time. Provides cash receipt and also cash payment information and also reconciles the adjust in cash for a duration of time. Cash receipts and cash payments are summarized and categorized as operating, investing, or jae won activities. Simply put, the statement of cash flows suggests where cash came from and where cash went because that a period of time.
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Assume you store track of your individual cash transactions for an entire year in a inspect register (e.g., checks written and also paycheck deposits) and also suppose you have hundreds of transactions because that the year. Rather than reflecting every single transaction in a official report, the explain of cash flows summarizes these transactions. For example, every cash receipts indigenous paychecks are added together and also shown as one line item, every cash payments because that rent are included together and also shown as one heat item, every cash payments because that food are added together and also shown as one heat item, and also so on. The score is to begin with the start of the year cash balance, include all cash receipts because that the year, subtract all cash payments for the year, and find the resulting end-of-year cash balance. Although the officially statement of cash operation is not fairly this simple, the ide is the same.
Question: Why did the Financial bookkeeping Standards board (FASB) create the statement of cash operation in 1987?
Answer: The statement of cash flows was created due to a absence of cash circulation information ~ above the income statement, balance sheet, and also statement of owners’ equity. The revenue statement reflects revenues and also expenses using the accrual communication of accounting, however it does no indicate exactly how much cash was obtained for revenues or paid for expenses. The balance sheet mirrors assets, liabilities, and also owners’ equity at a suggest in time, however it go not display how much cash was received or paid because that these items. The only cash information provided on this statements is the change in cash from the finish of last duration to the finish of the current period derived native the cash line item ~ above the balance sheet (often dubbed cash and cash equivalents).
Owners, creditors, and managers wanted more cash flow information. They regularly asked such inquiries as: Why did cash walk down? how much cash was received related to net income? how much cash to be paid for the acquisition of equipment? how much cash was received from issuing bonds? as a result of the need for much more cash circulation information, the FASB formally created the declare of cash flows in 1987 (Statement that Financial accounting Standard No. 95, which can be discovered at http://www.fasb.org). Most companies are now compelled to prepare the declare of cash flows together with the other three statements. We start the procedure of explaining how to prepare this statement in the next section.
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Business in action 12.1
Cash flows at Southwest Airlines
Southwest Airlines remained in the enviable position of generating $1,600,000,000 in cash native operating activities for the year finished December 31, 2010. However, cash top top the balance paper only boosted $147,000,000 for the exact same period. Why did total cash walk up by together a small amount contrasted to the $1,600,000,000 rise in cash from operating activities? The declare of cash flows gives the information crucial to price this question. Southwest spent $493,000,000 top top property and equipment (planes, parts, etc.) and also $155,000,000 to pay off permanent debt. Southwest also purchased $772,000,000 in momentary investments.
Key TakeawayThe declare of cash flows offers cash receipt and also cash payment information and also reconciles the adjust in cash for a period of time. The primary purpose the the declare is to show what led to the readjust in cash from the beginning of the duration to the finish of the period.
Review problem 12.1explain the purpose of the statement of cash flows. Why did the FASB produce the explain of cash flows?
Solution come Review trouble 12.1The objective of the declare of cash flows is to carry out a summary of cash receipt and cash payment details for a duration of time and to mediate the difference between beginning and ending cash balances displayed on the balance sheet. The declare of cash flows clarifies how cash to be generated and also how cash was supplied for a period of time. The FASB produced the declare of cash flows because owners, creditors, managers, and also other stakeholders wanted more information regarding cash receipts and also cash expenditures. Return the balance sheet shows cash balances in ~ the end of every period, no further information is listed on the balance sheet, earnings statement, or statement of owners’ equity concerning cash flow activities. The declare of cash operation takes care of this problem.