Flowchart is a an extremely intuitive an approach to define processes. Together such, in many cases, you don’t require to problem too much around the standards and also rules of every the flowchart symbols. In fact, a an easy flowchart, constructed with simply rectangular blocks and also flowlines, can currently get most work done.

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However, if you desire to acquire technical and also precise, there space preset rules and standards you can follow. Special, the American nationwide Standards institute (ANSI) set standards for flowcharts and their signs in the 1960s. Afterwards, the worldwide Organization for Standardization (ISO) embraced the ANSI symbols in 1970. In general, flowcharts flow from top to bottom and also left to right.


Flowchart Symbol Name Description
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Flowline Flowline symbol reflects the process’ direction. Every flowline connects two blocks.
Terminal Terminal symbol indicates the beginning or finish of a flowchart
Process Process Symbol represent a action in a process. This is the most common component of a flowchart.
Decision Decision Symbol reflects a step that decides the next step in a process. This is typically a yes/no or true/false question.
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Input/Output Input/Output Symbol suggests the process of inputting or outputting outside data.
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Annotation / Comment Annotation symbol indicates extr information about a step in a process.
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Predefined Process Predefined procedure symbol reflects named process which is identified elsewhere.
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On-page Connector Pairs the on-page connecter are used to replace long lines on a flowchart page.
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Off-page Connector An off-page connector is offered when the target is on an additional page.
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Delay Delay Symbol suggests any delay period that is component of a process
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Alternate process An alternative to the normal process step. Circulation lines to an alternate process block is generally dashed.
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Data Data entry or output
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Document A document
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Multi-document Multiple documents
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Preparation A preparation step
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Display A machine display
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Manual input Manual entry symbol indicates manually intake data or information into a system
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Manual operation Manual operation symbol suggests a process step the isn’t automated

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Although over there are plenty of flowchart symbols that deserve to be used, there are 4 key symbols that are many important. In fact, you really require only this 4 in most cases:

1. Process:

Process Symbol represents a step in a process. This is the most common component of a flowchart.

2. Terminal:

Terminal Symbol suggests the beginning or end of a flowchart. This price usually has actually the message “Start” or “End”.

3. Flowline:

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Flow lines suggest the process’ direction. Each flowline typically connects two blocks. Flowlines deserve to be right lines, uni-directional arrow, or both-sided arrows, representing various kinds that connections in between the steps.

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4. Decision:

Decision Symbol indicates a action that decides the following step in a process. This is generally a Yes/No or True/False question.


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