Kladruby
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Also known By: Kladrubský (Czech), Kladruber (German)

Kladruby stud was uncovered in 1579 by the Emperor that Rome and also the Czech King Rudolf II. The structure charter is on display at the Slatinany Hippologic Museum.

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The stud to be based greatly on imported Spanish and Italian horses, crossed with Neapolitane, Danish, Holstein, Irish, more heavier Czech and also Oldenburg horses. All of breeds used had some Andalusian reproduction in your pedigree.

The Kladruby stud was situated at the Perlstein stables whereby horses had been bred by Maxmilian II because that the vault 20 years.

The emphasis of the Kladruby stud´s breeding program was to produce heavy carriage steeds for ceremonial four and also six-in-hand tractions. Lipiza reproduction farm was found a year later in 1580 and it had actually a different target - to create riding horses mainly for royal ceremonies and also cavalry. The White Kladrubers were offered for earthly and also the black ones because that clerical ceremonials. The royal ceremonial rules required 18 black stallions and 18 white ones till the finish of civilization War I.

The pinacle of the Kladruby stud come in the beginning of 18th century through the regime of one impassioned hippologist Karel VI. Big numbers the paintings and also prints that Kladruby steeds originate from the moment of Karel VI. Reign.

The renowned horse-painter Wouwermann and also the Hamilton family developed a vast number of paintings recording various Kladruby steed types. They produced hippologically and artistically beneficial works, which room presently on view at the Slatinany Hippologic Museum.

The Kladruby stud to be evacuated right into Kopcany (Slovakia) and also Enyed (Hungary) during the "Seven years War". In 1757 the stud farm yard burned. Breeding documents to be damaged that time and Marie Terezie liquidated the farm. The Kladruby stud in Enyed and Kopcany didn´t prosper and was transfered ago into the new farm in Kladruby number of years later.

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Breed Types

 

Kladruber (formerly defined as Equus Bohemicus) is a large, warm blooded horse of Spanish and also Italian origin which has actually acclimated to the inclement climate of central Europe. That is a hefty majestic carossier with a concave head profile, a swanlike neck and also a high gait. The Kladruber is bred in two develops - black color (at Slatinany) and also White (at Kladruby). The populace is highly inbred i beg your pardon is why the is highly vulnerable.

The withers elevation of Kladruber varies generally from 175 to 180cm, chest girt is approximately 250cm, metacarpus girt is just about 22-23cm, weight frequently exceeds 700kg.

Kladruby stallion Generale (born in 1787 in Kopcany) is considered to be a progenitor of presently living populace of White Kladrubers. Generale´s kid Generalissimus (born 1797 native Bellona) became a founder the a different lineage.

Maestoso (1773) and also Favory (1779), 2 stallions born in Kladruby, ended up being progenitors of renowned Lippizaner lineages. Arabian Shagya X and also Orlov Trotters Barzoi and Legion were supplied for blood freshening between WWI and also WWII. Favory blood family tree returned come Kladruby ~ the WWII, when the Kladruber population was reduced. Rudolfo, Lusitano imported indigenous Portugal after the WWII, additionally has several daughters which are submitted right into the Kladruber studbook.

Black Kladruber had actually two crucial lineages: Sacramoso (born in 1799) and Napoleone (1845). The stud was regenerated in Slatinany. There are some differencies in the black and also the white type. The White Kladruber is more thoroughbred type, has higher level of asian blood and also a gentler cranium. Black Kladruber has actually slightly more nordic - occidental blood and also much an ext Neapolitan blood. The is why the Blacks have a slightly various head and neck shape and a much shorter croup. Sacramoso lineage carried to the Blacks the typical cranium shape, an ext concave in the splanchnocranium and also nearly aircraft in the forehead. In general, the black color Kladruber is heavier and also smaller than the white.

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The black animals were used generally as carriage horses for clerical dignitaries. In 1930, the black color herd was dispersed with many of the pets going come meat processors. A plan was later on developed, making use of the staying black mares, to re-establish the black line. The research study Institute because that Horse breeding in Slatinany was whereby this setup was lugged out successfully.

The Kladruby is right now used for sports driving. Both lines have been used numerous times in civilization championship four-in-hand steering classes.

Due come its breeding, the Kladruby is considered somewhat distinctive in the steed world. The breed has actually a four hundred year old selection background and is thought about the only indigenous breed the the region. It is among the rarer breeds in the world with just 90 remaining females in 1995.

Reference:Hendricks, Bonnie L., global Encyclopedia of steed Breeds, Univ that Oklahoma Press, 1995.

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Mason, I.L. 1996. A world Dictionary of breed boy Breeds, species and Varieties. Fourth Edition. C.A.B International. 273 pp.