Presentation top top theme: "Chapter 13: The Presidency ar 3: Presidential Selection: The Framer’s Plan."— Presentation transcript:




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1 chapter 13: The Presidency section 3: Presidential Selection: The Framer’s arrangement

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2 Objectives: * explain the Framer’s initial provisions for selecting the President. * Outline just how the climb of politics parties adjusted the initial provisions collection out in the Constitution.

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3 Presidential Selection: The Framer’s plan * In formal terms, the chairman is chosen according to the provisions of the Constitution. * In practice, the president is elected through an completely extraordinary process that is not an extremely well interpreted by most Americans. * That process is a combination of constitutional provisions, State and also federal laws, and in largest measure, a number of practices born that the nation’s political parties. * come make feeling of this very complicated system, friend must very first understand what the Framers had in mind as soon as they design the presidential choice process.

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4 Presidential Selection: The Framer’s setup Original Provisions * The Framers gave an ext time to the method of selecting the chairman than any kind of other matter. * James Wilson of Pennsylvania stated “the most difficult of every on which we have had to decide”. * The an obstacle arose largely since most of the Framers were against selecting the chairman by one of two people of the apparent ways: by congress or a direct vote that the people.

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5 Presidential Selection: The Framer’s setup * beforehand in the Convention, most of the delegates favored an option by Congress. * Later, nearly all of the delegates came to think that congressional selection would put the chairman too lot under the legislature thumb. * Very few of the Framers favored choosing the chairman by renowned vote. * through the country so spread out out, it was too tough for the general populace to recognize enough about the candidates to make a wise and also informed decision.

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6 Presidential Selection: The Framer’s arrangement * Alexander Hamilton introduced a arrangement that would select the President and also Vice-President by a special body that presidential electors. * this electors would certainly each actors two electoral votes each because that a different candidate. *The candidate with the most votes would become President and also the candidate v the second most votes would become Vice-President.

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7 Presidential Selection: The Framer’s arrangement * The electors were expect to be the “most enlightened and respectable citizens” from every State. The increase of next * The electoral university – a team of civilization (electors) liked from each State and the ar of Columbia to formally pick the President and also the Vice-President. * Flaws in the initial system started to present in 1796. * v the climb of political parties, man Adams (Federalist) won the presidency and also his opponent Thomas Jefferson (Democratic-Republican) came to be Vice- President.

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8 Presidential Selection: The Framer’s arrangement The election of 1800. * The system broke down in the choice of 1800. * By now there were two well-defined next 1. Federalists 2. Democratic-Republicans * each party nominated a Presidential candidate and a Vice-Presidential candidate. * The electors were favored by the parties and constantly voted for their party’s candidate.

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9 Presidential Selection: The Framer’s plan * The 73 Democratic-Republicans vote for your candidates Jefferson and Aaron Burr * This produced a tie because that the president. * To break the tie, the home of Representatives had actually to cast a vote to come up with a winner. * It took 36 ballots before a winner was determined. * thomas Jefferson ended up being President * The choice of 1800 significant the advent of three brand-new elements i8nto the process of choosing a President.

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10 Presidential Selection: The Framer’s plan 1) party nominations because that the presidency and vice- presidency. 2) the nomination the candidates for presidential electors pledged to poll for your party’s presidential ticket. 3) the automatic spreading of the electoral votes in line through those pledges. * The assumed that electors would act as complimentary agents when voting went the end the window at this point.

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11 Presidential Selection: The Framer’s setup The 12 th revised * The choice of 1800 produced another notable result. * The 12 th amendment was added in 1804 * The significant change was separating the presidential and also vice-presidential candidates right into two elections. * as soon as electors poll they had actually to declare their vote for president and also vice-president.

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* v this change, the constitutional framework was laid for the presidential an option system as we know it.

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