The Electoral university is a device our nation has constantly used to selected our president, however what is it, and also is it still helpful for ours country? when the Constitution was drafted in 1787, the framers required a device to elect the president. One team of delegates wanted the chairman to be chosen through a famous vote (the votes cast by citizens), while other delegates wanted Congress to decision the election. They then made a compromise, and the Electoral College was formed. 

The Electoral college is a team of people chosen by state legislatures to poll for the president and also vice president. The variety of electors in each state is equal to the variety of members each state has in Congress. There are currently 538 electors, (535 because that the number of representatives in Congress, to add 3 electors who stand for Washington, D.C.). 270 electoral votes are required to win the presidential election, regardless of who wins the renowned vote.

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Despite individual Americans spreading our ballots for who we want to it is in president, the just votes that count are those of the Electoral College. 

Electoral Votes have the right to override the renowned vote, usually rendering citizens’ votes useless. An instance of a candidate losing the popular vote if winning the presidency was the 2016 election. Hillary Clinton winner the famous vote with 65,845,063 votes, which was 2,868,691 votes an ext than the 62,980,160 of popular votes actors for Trump. However, she shed the election as result of having 227 electoral votes come Trump’s 304.

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“So, follow to what the framers wanted, the Electoral college casts votes based on who we room voting for. That method it’s it s okay that the chairman isn’t chosen through the renowned vote, however that my vote still has some impact, right?”

Well, no necessarily. One cons of the Electoral college is something called “faithless electors.” Faithless electors space electors who will vote for who they desire to be president regardless the the popular vote. Over there are approximately 30 claims that need their electors to poll for the candidate that wins the popular vote, yet there room still around 20 claims that don’t have any laws restricting electors. If you were voting in a state through a faithless elector, your vote could essentially not count. 

Click below for an ext information ~ above faithless electors.

Another factor that could make her vote even less impactful is living in a more populated state. Because that example, in Wyoming, there room 578,000 people and also three electoral votes, which is tantamount to one electoral poll for every 190,000 voters. However, in California, over there are about 40 million people and fifty-five electoral votes, i beg your pardon is indistinguishable to one because that every 700,000 voters. 

This means that the votes of human being in Wyoming are around 3.5 times as impactful as those in California. 

There is yet another, if not the greatest flaw: In 48 the the 50 states, electoral votes are managed through something referred to as the “winner-take-all” system. In winner-take-all states, just one candidate gets every one of all the the electoral votes for the state. For example, in California, if candidate X it s okay 45 electoral votes, and candidate Y gets 10 electoral votes, all 55 votes walk to candidate X–even though human being represented through the 10 electors voted for candidate Y. 

As a result of the winner-take-all system, a presidential candidate could hypothetically success an election by winning only 11 states.

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With every one of these flaws in the Electoral college system, what have the right to be done around it?

One apparent solution would certainly be to totally get rid the the Electoral College. Abolishing the Electoral university would call for amending the Constitution, i m sorry is a really long and complicated process. First, once an idea has sufficient popular support, a member of Congress brings it to the floor of either the house or the Senate. The room of congress the idea was introduced in assigns a committee come debate and also refine the idea. If the idea makes it the end of the committee, the full chamber will certainly debate. Because that the amendment come proceed, two-thirds of the chamber it was introduced in needs to vote for it. The procedure will be repeated in the other chamber. If two-thirds of conference votes for the amendment, the modification gets sent out to every state. As soon as 3/4 the the states ratify it, the amendment finally passes. The Constitution has actually only been amended 27 times due to the fact that it go into effect in 1789.

An simpler solution to the Electoral College problem would be to just remove the winner-take-all system. This would require individual state legislatures to adjust their laws. Getting rid that the winner-take-all system method that candidates would receive any electoral votes actors for them cast for them, regardless of even if it is or not they winner the majority of electoral votes of electoral votes from that state. A solution prefer this wouldn’t have to go through the constitution amendment process; the says would have it to do themselves. This would certainly be faster, and also would it is in a action towards make everyone’s votes count.

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You have the right to do your part in repairing a flawed system by sending messages that encourage electoral reform to your representative in Congress, and by bringing fist to this issue by telling friends and also family. 

We assistance the Brennan center for Justice who is advocating for the Electoral college to it is in reformed, and we recommend you visit their website for more information top top the concern of the Electoral university system.