The vast bulk of noun in the English language room made plural by including an “s” or “es” to the finish of the word. Because that example, publication changes to publications when do plural. However, details nouns have actually irregular many that do not act in this standard way. And also even though most irregular plural nouns follow a pattern, over there are number of patterns come watch out for, as you"ll watch in this list of irregular many nouns.




You are watching: Which one of the following words is an irregular noun plural?

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Singular

Plural

banjo

banjos or banjoes

flamingo

flamingos or flamingoes

potato

potatoes

studio

studios

tomato

tomatoes

zoo

zoos


Words v -is Endings

For countless words that end in “is,” change the “is” come an “es.” inspect out a couple of examples.

Singular

Plural

axis

axes

crisis

crises

hypothesis

hypotheses

oasis

oases

thesis

theses


Nouns through -um Endings

Nouns that end in "um" often end up being plural by an altering “um” come “a.” See how this look at in activity here.

Singular

Plural

bacterium

bacteria

curriculum

curricula

datum

data

medium

media

stratum

strata


Nouns with -ix Ending

Another irregular many noun finishing that changes is “ix.” In Greek and Latin words, this will change to “ces” or “xes.”

Singular

Plural

appendix

appendixes or appendices

crucifix

crucifixes

matrix

matrices or matrixes


Words That adjust Form

Certain words carry out not add a letter come the end to become plural. Instead, this irregular plurals adjust the word itself. This words just need to be memorized.

Singular

Plural

die

dice

foot

feet

goose

geese

man

men

mouse

mice

ox

oxen

person

people

tooth

teeth


Regular Plurals

Now that you’ve watched irregular many nouns, it’s important to testimonial how consistent plural nouns work. The general ascendancy for make a noun plural is the if the word ends in "s," "x," "z," "ch" or "sh," include an "es." review a couple of examples the what this might look like.

Singular

Plural

mess

messes

box

boxes

patch

patches

dish

dishes

buzz

buzzes


Add an S

For all other non-irregular nouns, simply add an "s" to the finish of the word.

Singular

Plural

cat

cats

dog

dogs

yard

yards


Exceptions to constant Plural Rules

An exemption to the add an "es" preeminence is if the "ch" finishing is pronounced with a /k/ sound, you include "s" fairly than "es."

Singular

Plural

epoch

epochs

monarch

monarchs

stomach

stomachs




See more: What Is The Abbreviation For Approximately ? What Is The Abbreviation For Approximately

Vowel Endings

If words ends in a consonant (all letters other than a, e, i, o, u) plus "y," then change the "y" come an "i" and add the letters "es."

Singular

Plural

baby

babies

candy

candies

daisy

daisies


Understanding Irregular plural Nouns

The best way to learn and understand irregular many is to exercise speaking the English language, to read a an excellent deal, come pay attention to words and also phrases that you see and hear, and to assemble a perform of words through irregular many so friend can begin to understand exactly how to do each noun many correctly. Looking for an ext fun ptcouncil.net rules? check out definite and indefinite articles. Is it “a,” “an” or “the”? discover out!