Which of the following is the functional unit of the kidney?a. renal pelvisb. renal pyramidc. nephrond. renal corpuscle


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What is the juxtaglomerular apparatus?a. a device that regulates the price of filtrate development and systemic blood pressureb. a device that protects the nephron from some chemicals discovered in bloodc. a mechanism for diluting urined. a mechanism for concentrating urine
Which hormone(s) is/are required for facultative water reabsorption in the collecting ducts?a. both ADH and also aldosteroneb. aldosteronec. ADHd. renin
A non-fasting urine sample from an individual who has formerly consumed donuts and a soft drink showed the presence of sugar (glucose). Which of the complying with statement explains the presence of the glucose in the urine?a. The individual exceeded the transfer maximum.b. The individual is glucose intolerant.c. The individual has actually diabetes mellitus.d. Some glucose is constantly present in the urine.
What is the largest component of urine by weight, various other than water?a. saltb. creatinec. ucheck out. phosphates
Which urinary structure serves as the short-term storage website for urine?a. urinary bladderb. ureterc. renal pelvisd. urethra
Which component of the brain controls the micturition reflex?a. hypothalamusb. cerebrumc. ponsd. medulla oblongata
Which of the following is not a duty of the kidneys?a. Metabolizing vitamin D to its energetic formb. Maintaining the proper balance in between water and also salts and between acids and also basesc. Producing the hormones melanin and oxytocind. Gluconeogenesis during prolonged fasting
The _____________ collect(s) urine, which drains consistently from the papillae; the urine is then emptied right into the ______________.a. calyces; renal pelvisb. renal pyramids; calycesc. renal pyramids; renal pelvisd. renal pelvis; calyces
Approximately 80% of the power used for energetic transport is devoted to the reabsorption of _______________.a. potassiumb. glucosec. sodiumd. water
Chemicals that improve urinary output are called _______________.a. reabsorbersb. countercurrent exchangersc. diureticsd. counterpresent multipliers
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