The Paleolithic Era (or Old stone Age) is a duration of prehistory from about 2.6 million years ago to approximately 10000 year ago. The Neolithic Era (or New rock Age) began approximately 10,000 BC and also ended in between 4500 and also 2000 BC in miscellaneous parts the the world. In the Paleolithic era, there were much more than one human varieties but only one endured until the Neolithic era. Paleolithic human beings lived a nomadic way of living in little groups. They supplied primitive rock tools and their survive depended greatly on their environment and climate. Neolithic human beings discovered farming and pet husbandry, which permitted them to resolve down in one area. The Mesolithic era followed the Paleolithic era but the period of the Paleolithic—Mesolithic border varies by location by as much as several thousand years.

Comparison chart

Neolithic matches Paleolithic comparison graph NeolithicPaleolithicMeaning Dwelling Lifestyle Tools Clothes Governance Economy Health Art Sculpture material Main exploration Food
Neo=new; Lithic=stone. Neolithic era is likewise call the new Stone age.

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Paleo=old; Lithic=stone. The Paelolithic era is also called the Old rock age.
Mud bricks sustained by timber Mouths that caves, huts, skin tents
Sedentary. Castle farmed in irreversible settlements and raised/herded animals; agriculture was discovered and also became a significant source the food; family members evolved. Nomadic; in teams of approximately 50; lack society; hunters and also gatherers
polished stone tools make sharper by grinding Chipped stone, wood weapons, light rock tools (not sharpened)
Animal skins, woven garments Animal skins
Military and religious leaders had authority. Monarchy emerged. Tribal society. Clan managed by elders or the powerful (according come age)
The ide of personal property and also ownership emerged for points such together land, livestock and also tools. There to be no ide of private property.
Neolithic people were much shorter and had actually lower life expectancy. Conditions like tooth cavities and also typhoid arised in the new stone age. Neolithic females had more children due to the fact that the life style was no longer nomadic. Paleolithic people were taller and also lived longer than neolithic people.
Wall paintings Cave paintings
Stone, clay (baked) Stone, mammoth ivory, reindeer horn
Agriculture and also tools with polished stones, the plow Fire; Rough stone tools
They grew plants such as corn, wheat, beans, etc. Hunted and also gathered for your food supply.


A reconstruction of the head from a skull that a Paleolithic guy excavated indigenous Gongwangling, Lantian County.


Paleolithic world were hunter-gatherers. They were wanderers who lived in tribes and relied on hunting, fishing and gathering wild fruits. They hunted pets like bison, mammoths, bears and also deer. Meat was a source of food and also animal hide was provided to do clothes. They stayed in clans of 20-30 people in caves, the end or in cabins make of tree branches and also animal skin.

The Neolithic era started when people discovered agriculture and increasing cattle, which enabled them to no longer have a nomadic life style. They to be able to settle in fertile areas with predictable climate, usually close to river basins. Rice and also wheat to be the very first plants castle cultivated, and also the very first animals to be domesticated were dogs, goats, sheep, oxen and horses.


A paint at Paynes Prairie preserve State Park mirroring paleolithic men searching a mammoth utilizing spears.

Important Discoveries and Inventions

Perhaps the most necessary invention of paleolithic guy was language. A close second was their discovery of exactly how to manage fire.

Neolithic humans found how to cultivate plants and also domesticate animals. They also invented writing, pottery and weaving. The agricultural change in the early on Neolithic era had actually a profound impact on the human being species. The wheel is also believed to have actually been designed in the Neolithic period. Calendars and time-keeping were additionally invented in this era.

Health and longevity

In general, Paleolithic people were healthier 보다 Neolithic man. Life expectations was 35.4 years for men and 30.0 year for females in the late Paleolithic era (30000 come 9000 BC). In the beforehand neolithic era (7000 to 5000 BC) this dropped to 33.6 and 29.8 years, and in the late Neolithic era (5000 come 3000 BC) fell even further come 33.1 and 29.2 years respectively. The fostering of seed in the Neolithic era coincided with a shortening the stature, thinner bones and also crooked, cavity-ridden teeth. An additional interesting physiological readjust was a decline in pelvic inlet depth, make childbirth more challenging in the Neolithic era compared with the Paleolithic era.<1>

Diseases prefer tooth cavities, malaria, tuberculosis and typhoid fever are very first known come have arisen in the Neolithic era.


Paleolithic devices were do of wood, stone and pet bones. Tools and also weapons favor harpoons, axes, lances, choppers and awls to be used.


Neolithic era tools were much more sophisticated. A selection of devices were invented in the new Stone age, such together sickle blades and grinding stones for agriculture, and also pottery and bone implements because that food production. Stone axes allowed Neolithic guy to clear forests, and also the adze enabled him come ashioning timber for shelter, structures and canoes. Archaeologists have also found projectile points, beads, and statuettes from this era.

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Paleolithic people are believed to have actually animistic religious beliefs. Castle decorated walls of their cave dwellings with photos of animals, consisting of deer, bison and also mammoths. They additionally made little sculptures; notably Venus. The most famous prehistorical paintings are in the caves the Altamira, in Spain, and also Lascaux, in France. This sort of art, unique from organic formations in caves, is called cavern art. Cavern art has actually been found all end Europe, Asia and also Africa. Human being in paintings were shown as pole figures.