The Paleolithic Era (or Old Stone Age) is a period of prehistory from around 2.6 million years ago to around 10000 years earlier. The Neolithic Era (or New Stone Age) began roughly 10,000 BC and ended in between 4500 and 2000 BC in miscellaneous components of the civilization. In the Paleolithic era, there were more than one huguy species but only one made it through till the Neolithic era. Paleolithic people lived a nomadic lifestyle in small teams. They supplied primitive rock devices and their survival depended greatly on their environment and climate. Neolithic people discovered agriculture and also pet husbandry, which enabled them to clear up down in one location. The Mesolithic era adhered to the Paleolithic era yet the period of the Paleolithic—Mesolithic boundary varies by location by as a lot as a number of thousand years.

Comparison chart

Neolithic versus Paleolithic comparison chart NeolithicPaleolithicMeaning Dwelling Lifestyle Tools Clothes Governance Economy Health Art Sculpture product Main Discoincredibly Food
Neo=new; Lithic=rock. Neolithic era is also contact the New Stone age.

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Paleo=old; Lithic=stone. The Paelolithic era is additionally dubbed the Old Stone age.
Mud bricks supported by timber Mouths of caves, huts, skin tents
Sedentary. They fequipped in irreversible negotiations and raised/herded animals; farming was found and ended up being a major resource of food; households developed. Nomadic; in groups of as much as 50; tribal society; hunters and gatherers
polimelted stone tools made sharper by grinding Chipped stone, wooden weapons, light stone devices (not sharpened)
Animal skins, woven garments Animal skins
Military and also spiritual leaders had authority. Monarchy emerged. Tribal culture. Clan regulated by elders or the powerful (according to age)
The idea of private property and also ownership arised for points such as land also, livestock and also devices. There was no concept of personal residential or commercial property.
Neolithic world were shorter and also had actually reduced life expectancy. Diseases choose tooth cavities and typhoid emerged in the brand-new stone age. Neolithic womales had actually even more kids bereason the life style was no much longer nomadic. Paleolithic people were taller and also lived longer than neolithic human being.
Wall paintings Cavern paintings
Stone, clay (baked) Stone, mammoth ivory, reindeer horn
Agrisociety and also tools with polished stones, the plow Fire; Rough stone tools
They thrived plants such as corn, wheat, beans, etc. Hunted and also gathered for their food supply.


A reconstruction of the head from a skull of a Paleolithic guy excavated from Gongwangling, Lantian County.


Paleolithic civilization were hunter-gatherers. They were nomads who lived in tribes and relied on searching, fishing and also gathering wild fruits. They pursued animals prefer bichild, mammoths, bears and deer. Meat was a source of food and also animal hide was used to make clothes. They stayed in clans of 20-30 world in caves, outdoors or in cabins made of tree branches and pet skin.

The Neolithic era began as soon as people uncovered farming and also increasing cattle, which permitted them to no much longer have actually a nomadic life style. They were able to resolve in abundant locations via predictable climate, commonly close to river basins. Rice and wwarmth were the initially plants they grew, and also the first animals to be trained were dogs, goats, sheep, oxen and also steeds.


A painting at Paynes Prairie Preserve State Park mirroring paleolithic men searching a mammoth utilizing spears.

Important Discoveries and also Inventions

Perhaps the a lot of important development of paleolithic male was language. A cshed second was their discovery of how to regulate fire.

Neolithic human beings found just how to cultivate plants and domesticate pets. They also invented creating, pottery and also weaving. The farming radvancement in the at an early stage Neolithic era had actually a prodiscovered affect on the human species. The wheel is also believed to have been invented in the Neolithic duration. Calendars and time-keeping were also designed in this era.

Health and also longevity

In general, Paleolithic human being were healthier than Neolithic man. Life expectations was 35.4 years for males and 30.0 years for woguys in the late Paleolithic era (30000 to 9000 BC). In the at an early stage neolithic era (7000 to 5000 BC) this fell to 33.6 and also 29.8 years, and in the late Neolithic era (5000 to 3000 BC) dropped also additionally to 33.1 and also 29.2 years respectively. The adoption of grains in the Neolithic era corresponded via a shortening of stature, thinner bones and crooked, cavity-ridden teeth. Another amazing physiological adjust was a decrease in pelvic inlet depth, making childbirth even more challenging in the Neolithic era compared through the Paleolithic era.<1>

Diseases like tooth cavities, malaria, tuberculosis and also typhoid fever before are first well-known to have developed in the Neolithic era.


Paleolithic devices were made of timber, rock and also animal bones. Tools and tools choose harpoons, axes, lances, choppers and awls were provided.


Neolithic era devices were more sophisticated. A selection of tools were created in the New Stone age, such as sickle knives and grinding stones for farming, and also pottery and bone implements for food manufacturing. Stone axes allowed Neolithic guy to clear woodlands, and the adze enabled him to ashioning hardwood for shelter, structures and canoes. Archaeologists have actually likewise found projectile points, beads, and also statuettes from this era.

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Paleolithic civilization are believed to have animistic spiritual beliefs. They decorated walls of their cave houses with images of pets, including deer, biboy and also mammoths. They likewise made small sculptures; notably Venus. The a lot of famous prehistorical paints are in the caves of Altamira, in Spain, and Lascaux, in France. This type of art, distinctive from herbal formations in caves, is dubbed cave art. Cave art has been found anywhere Europe, Asia and Africa. People in paintings were shown as stick numbers.