(used reasonably in restrictive and nonrestrictive clauses to represent a stated antecedent): The book, which I review last night, was exciting. The socialism which Owen preached was unpalatable come many. The lawyer represented five families, of i beg your pardon the Costello family members was the largest.

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(used fairly in limit clauses having that as the antecedent): Damaged products constituted component of the which was marketed at the auction.
(used relatively to represent a stated or comprise antecedent) the one that; a specific one that: you may select which you like.
(used in parenthetic clauses) the thing or truth that: the hung roughly for hours and, which was worse, kept me from doing my work.
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First recorded prior to 900; center English; Old English hwilc, hwelc, identical to hwe-, base of hwā ask pronoun, + -līc “body, shape, kind”; cognate with Old prije person hwelik, dutch welk, German welch, Gothic hwileiks literally, “of what form”; see beginning at who, like1
The relative pronoun which describes inanimate things and to animals: The house, which we had seen just from a distance, impressed us even much more as we approached. The equines which pulled the coach to be bay geldings. Formerly, which referred to persons, however this use, while still heard ( a man which I recognize ), is nonstandard. Contradictory to the teachings of some usage guides, which introduces both restrictive and nonrestrictive clauses. The “rule” the which can be offered only v nonrestrictive clauses has no communication in fact. In edited prose three-fourths that the rule in i beg your pardon which is the loved one pronoun are restrictive: A novel i beg your pardon he later on wrote quickly ended up being a bestseller. See also that.

WORDS THAT might BE perplexed WITH which

that, i beg your pardon (see grammar note at that)

Words nearby which

whey, wheyey, wheyface, wheyish, whf., which, whichever, which is which, whichsoever, whichway, which means the wind blows


What’s the difference between which and that?

Which and also that are used in very similar ways (especially to introduce clauses that refer back to an earlier part), but there is regularly a key difference.

Before we obtain into the grammar, let’s take it a look in ~ two comparable sentences, one making use of that and also one utilizing which.

I wrote around my favourite movie the was released in 1994. 

I wrote around my favourite movie, which was released in 1994. 

Both sentence are around a movie. However there’s a difference in what’s gift communicated.

In the an initial sentence (the one utilizing that), the speak is indicating that the movie they wrote about is your favorite movie released in 1994—not necessarily their favorite movie in general.

In the second sentence (the one utilizing which), the speak is saying the the movie is your favorite in general, while additionally mentioning the it was released in 1994. In this sentence, you could take far the part that starts through which and also the sentence would retain the same basic meaning.

But that’s not true the the very first sentence—taking away the was released in 1994 would alter the an interpretation of the sentence.

That’s because the was exit in 1994 is what’s referred to as a restrictive clause, which is a part of a sentence that provides vital information around the component before it. A restrictive i can’t be eliminated without an altering the essential an interpretation of the sentence.

The second sentence (the one using which), ends in a nonrestrictive clause, which offers nonessential information—information that deserve to be removed without changing the key message the the sentence. Usually, nonrestrictive clauses are significant off by commas (or em dashes). Think the a nonrestrictive clause as one aside—additional info mentioned follow me the way.

This grammatical distinction between that and also which is mainly used in officially American English. In unshened speech, it is very common to usage that and also which interchangeably. And also sometimes the distinction in what lock convey is really subtle or practically nonexistent.

Still, when used in clauses prefer the people in our examples, which is usually preceded by a comma, however that is not.

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Want to find out more? read the full failure of the difference in between which and also that.