Water can take many forms. At low temperatures (below \(0^\texto \textC\)), the is a solid. Once at "normal" temperature (between \(0^\texto \textC\) and \(100^\texto \textC\)), the is a liquid. While at temperatures above \(100^\texto \textC\), water is a gas (steam). The state thatwater is in relies upon the temperature. Each state has actually its very own unique collection of physics properties. Matter generally exists in among three states: solid, liquid, or gas.

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Plasma: A 4th State that Matter

Technically speaking, a fourth state of matter called plasma exists, but it does not naturally occur on earth, therefore we will certainly omit it from our examine here.

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Liquids

If the particles of a substance have actually enough power to partially get over intermolecular interactions, climate the particles have the right to move about each various other while staying in contact. This defines the fluid state. In a liquid, the particles are still in close contact, so liquids have actually a definite volume. However, since the particles have the right to move around each other rather freely, a liquid has actually no definite shape and also takes a form dictated by its container.

Liquids have actually the following characteristics:

No definite form (takes the form of that is container). Has definite volume. Particles are complimentary to relocate over every other, yet are still attracted to every other.

A familiar liquid is mercury metal. Mercury is an anomaly. The is the only steel we recognize of that is liquid at room temperature. Mercury likewise has an ability to pole to chin (surface tension)—a home that every liquids exhibit. Mercury has actually a fairly high surface tension, which provides it really unique. Here you view mercury in its typical liquid form.



Example \(\PageIndex1\)

What state or states of issue does each statement, describe?

This state has a identify volume, however no definite shape. This state has no definite volume. This state allows the individual corpuscle to move about while staying in contact.

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Solution

This statement explains the fluid state. This statement defines the gas state. This statement describes the liquid state.

Exercise \(\PageIndex1\)